En Chine les épidémies de Virus deviennent des fois très importantes jusqu'à être mortelle. En 1894, Alexandre Yersin qui avait étudie avec Louis Pasteur (Le fondeur des vaccins) a découvert en une semaine la bactérie responsable pour la Black death plague(Yersinia pestis) dans son laboratoire localise a Hong Kong Island Kennedy Town district.
The Institut Pasteur has long had important collaborations with Asia, beside those which still exist in Viet Nam and in Cambodia. In 1996, Mr Bernard Esambert, former chairman of the Institut Pasteur Board of Directors, discussed with Mr James Kung, chairman of the Chekiang First Bank. The latter told him he was keen to support the creation of an Institut Pasteur related Centre in China (in Hong Kong as a first step). In 1997, the General Consulate of France in Hong Kong materialized this initiative by organising a meeting between Pr Maxime Schwartz, former director of the Institut Pasteur, and the University of Hong Kong Vice-Chancellor. The latter offered to host and support this initiative, if it were made concrete. The final agreement was signed by Pr Philippe Kourilsky, former director of the Institut Pasteur. Through this collaboration with the University of Hong Kong, the Institut Pasteur revives its historical links with China, which happened to be one of the most important places for the discovery of emerging diseases.
Owing to the participation of France in the