The soul term appears for the first time in the titles of two albums of Ray Charles in 1961. The development of the soul music was stimulated by two principal tendencies: lurbanisation of the rhythm and blues and the secularization of the gospel. Artists like Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, Otis Redding mixed their passion for the gospel with the jerked rates/rhythms of therhythm and blues to give rise to the soul. One thus finds in the soul a part of the crowned emotion mingled with profane topics, often with strong sexual connotation.
To the end of 1950, the will topropose with the white public original black artists leads several labels to seek marketable versions of the negro music. The two most influential labels are then Stax and Tamla Motown. Motown is thefirst label founded and directed by an American black, frightening Berry Gordy. Whereas Stax is rested by a white Jim Stewart, and numbers its more famous musicians of meeting are white them also (SteveCropper, Duck Dunn, Tom Dowd...).
The soul explodes truly in 1960. Whereas in a more traditional style arrive the sound of the studio Shoals Muscle of Dan Penn and Spooner Oldham (Aretha Franklin,Etta James, Wilson Pickett...), James Brown ("The Godfather of Soul") and Curtis Mayfield introduce more syncopated rhythms and then give a new orientation to this music. It's the creation of the funk,a style inseparable from the soul, which will reach its apogee in the years 1970-1980 with groups like The JB's (musicians of James Brown), Sly and the Family Stone, Tower of Power, followed by BootsyCollins and George Clinton with their removed from rim formations.
In 1966, the latinos of New York invent Latin soul, also called boogaloo. During the years 1970, very good discs are produced andwill become traditional kind (in particular famous What' s going one of Marvin Gaye and Songs In The Key Of Life of Stevie Wonder), but the soul declines in the second part of the decade, the sales...