An article of the BBC, published on July 2010, stated “UK's ethnic minority numbers 'to rise to 20% by 2051”. Actually, it is said that the proportion of black, Asian and other ethnic minorities will rise from 8% of the population, as recorded in the 2001 census, to 20% by 2051. The Leeds study suggested the population is also set to become more racially diverseas well as less segregated over the coming years. The study, based on computer modeling, suggested white British and Irish populations would grow slowly while the "other white" ethnic group would be extremely fast growing. This was because of expected high levels of immigration from Europe, Australasia and the US. In October, the Office for National Statistics predicted the ethnic populationwould exceed 70 million by 2029.
As far as ethnicity is concerned, the case of London is very interesting since London is considered as the most racially diverse UK city. So in order to deeply tackle the issue of London ethnicity, I would first analyze the composition and repartition of London’s ethnic population thanks to the 2001 census and some official estimation. Then I would consider howBritish people see those ethnic minorities: are they integrated or not? Is there any kind of racism?
1. Composition of London’s ethnic population
•What is an ethnic minority?
Speaking of an ethnic population is impossible without explaining what the word “ethnic” really means. In fact, it concerns what is related to a population subgroup (within a larger or dominant national or cultural group)with a common national or cultural tradition. Most of the time, they turn out to be called “ethnic minorities”. Here, in the case of London, the ethnic minorities are described as “non-whites”.
Official ethnic classifications: The current official classification – used in the census and in many of the official datasets used in this research – is based on the following 16-way division: White,comprising White British, White Irish, and White Other. Asian or Asian British, comprising Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, and Other Asian. Black or Black British, comprising, Black Caribbean, Black African, and Black Other. Chinese, and Other. Mixed, comprising White and Black Caribbean, White and Black African, White and Asian, and Any Other Mixed.
•London’s diverse population
Well first, it isinteresting to make a comparison betwen London and the rest of England, at least concerning ethnic minorities.
The ethnic makeup of Inner and Outer London compared to the rest of England: (ONS 2008)
About one in ten of the population outside London belongs to an ethnic group other than White British; in Inner London, the figure is close to 50%. In Outer London, about 60% of the population isfrom a group other than White British. As well as being the largest city, London is also the most diverse region in the country.
In addition, the 2001 census (that we are going to look at) stated that Brent was the most ethnically diverse borough, with an 85% chance that two residents drawn at random would belong to different ethnic groups.
Ethnic group | % of London’s population|
White-White British-White Irish-Other White | 184.108.40.206.3 |
Mixed-White and Black Carribean-White and Black African-White and South Asian-Other mixed | 220.127.116.11.9 |
South Asian-Indian-Pakistani-Bangladeshi-Other South Asian | 12.16.12.02.21.9 |
Black-Black Caribbean-Black African-Other Black | 10.94.85.30.8 |
East Asian or Other-Chinese-Other | 18.104.22.168 |
Total population |7,172,091 |
As far as London is concerned, the 2001 census stated that 71.1 % of its population was “non-whites” for a total population of 7,172,091 people. Several ethnic minorities divide the rest of the population. The most important among those minorities would be the South Asians (including Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and other Asians). They actually represent 12.1% of London...