Pellets in southern europe. the state of the art of pellets utilisation in southern europe. new perspectives of pellets from agri-residues

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2nd World Conference on Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection, 10-14 May 2004, Rome, Italy

PELLETS IN SOUTHERN EUROPE. THE STATE OF THE ART OF PELLETS UTILISATION IN SOUTHERN EUROPE. NEW PERSPECTIVES OF PELLETS FROM AGRI-RESIDUES Authors Fulvio Passalacqua*, Corrado Zaetta, ETA-Renewable Energies, Piazza Savonarola 10, 50132 Florence, Italy, Tel. +39 055 500 2174, Rainer Janssen, Maurice Pigaht, WIP-Munich, Sylvensteinstr.2, 81369 Munich, Germany, Tel. +49 89 720 12724, Giuliano Grassi, Olivier Pastre, European Biomass Industry Association, Rond-Point Schumann 6, 1040 Brussels, Belgium, Tel. +32 22 82 84 20, Alfredo Sandovar, Laura Vegas, CARTIF, Boecillo Technology Park, Parcelo 205, 47151Boecillo, Valladolid, Spain, Tel. +34 983 54 65 04, Theocharis Tsoutsos, Nicolas Karapanagiotis, CRES 19th km Marathon Ave, 19009 Pikermi, Greece, Tel. +30 210 6603320, Tord Fjällström, Stefan Nilsson, Energidalen Energihuset, Nipan, 881 52 Solleftea, Sweden, Tel. +46-620-68 27 72, Jeppe Bjerg, dk-Teknik Energy & Environment GladsaxeMoellevej 15, DK-2860 Soeborg, Denmark tel: +45 39 55 58 59
* Corresponding author

ABSTRACT – The following paper presents some of the conclusions from the Pellets for Europe on-going project, supported in the framework of the EC ALTENER Programme. The overall objective of this European project is to draw an accurate picture of market opportunities for wood- and agri-pellets (i.e.pellets made from agricultural residues) in Italy, Spain and Greece, while also providing a general overview on pellets market potential in the other European Countries. On the basis of the information gathered (market potential size, actors involved, usual practices), it will be possible to identify the main barriers - technical or not - and to design relevant strategies so as to overcome thosecritical factors and to support the development of pellet markets in Southern Europe. After presenting the general features of the project, the paper then describes the state of the art of pellet markets in Italy, Spain and Greece. Wood-pellet market seems to have taken off quite successfully in Italy and, to a lower extent in Spain, while it is still inexistant in Greece. Today, producers of thetwo first countries face difficulties ranging from the increased difficulty to be supplied in raw material, to the absence of political or financial supports. As a matter of fact, the development of the solid biofuels market in Europe presents different patterns in North and in South European countries for bioclimatic, political and economic reasons. The relatively low forestry resources in southEuropean countries (and the shortage in raw material reported above) invites to tackle the possibility of using agricultural residues as a raw material for fuel pellet production, and thus invites to think of strategies for supporting the development of the agri-pellet market. The first part of the paper shows that agri-pellet markets are almost inexistant in Italy, Spain and Greece. Yet, theagricultural residues available for energy purposes are important and could amount more than 40 million tonnes of dry biomass, i.e. more than 16 million toe. Obstacles to the agri-pellets market development are then pointed out, and it is stated that, with appropriate political and information measures, those obstacles could be overcome in the short to medium term, especially as far as large-scalecombustion systems are concerned. 1. PELLETS FOR EUROPE : FRAMEWORK, OBJECTIVES AND PARTNERS The following paper present some of the results of the Pellets for Europe project, which is co-funded by the European Commission, Director-General for Energy and Transport, in the Framework of the ALTENER Programme. Pellets for Europe results from the merging of three different projects, which prevents...