The ISSUE : In which way Amritsar Massacre is a consequence of the English rule over the Indians ?
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, alternatively known as theAmritsar Massacre, unfold on April 13, 1919, the day of the Sikh Baisakhi festival.
Tens of thousands of people came to Amritsar from surrounding villages to attend the city’s traditional fairs. So,in Jallianwala Bagh, a nationalist demonstration was being held.
An hour after the meeting began as scheduled at 4:30p.m., Brigadier General Reginald Dyer marched a group of 90 British Indian armysoldiers into the park, they were accompanied by two armoured cars carrying machine guns. The vehicles were stationed outside the main gate, unable to enter the Bagh through the narrow entrance.
TheJallianwala Bagh, near the Golden Temple, was bounded on all sides by houses and buildings and had few narrow entrances, most of which were kept permanently locked.
General Dyer ordered troops to openfire towards the densest sections of the crowd.
He continued the firing until ammunition were exhausted.
Dyer then marched away, leaving 379 dead and over 1.500 injured.
Despite the government’sbest efforts to suppress information of the massacre, news spread elsewhere in India and widespread outrage ensued.
Back in his headquarters, General Dyer reported to his superiors that he had been“confronted by a revolutionary army” and had been obliged “to teach a moral lesson to the Punjab”
On the one hand, the event was condemn in the whole world, the General Dyer was invitedin London to appear in front of the Hunter Commission which in 1920 declared him guilty, and he had to resign from the army. Then, the Commander in chief stated that Dyer would no longer be offeredemployment in India. He was also in poor health, and so he was sent home to England on hospital ship.
On the other hand, this incredibly, made him a martyr to millions of Englishmen. Senior British...