British civi

Pages: 6 (1446 mots) Publié le: 23 février 2011
British Civilisation

Media, Parties, Political and Economic issues in contemporary Britain :

I. Britain: the country and the people.

A. Geography
UK= the real name=> The United Kingdom of great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The UK= Britain.

--> great trading powers
-->financial centres.

=>Capitlistic economy (not economics, or the analysis of economic trends)

1) Thefirst sector is the agriculture,
But this sector is also the smallest.
-->It's a sector very efficient/ intensive.
-->It products 60% of food needs
-->It employes 1% of work force.
°Natural ressources are in coal(fuel), natural gas and oil reserves.
The UK is the oil producer in Europe (12% of national product).
Natural gas are the primary ressources.

2) Industry
-->declines inimportance
-->21% of national product
25% of work force. ==>It's very small.

3) Services.
(That is to say banking, insurance and business services): by far the largest proportion of the national product
-->over 62% of work force.

British economy is going well -->so more investments

!!!Britsh currency --> pound sterling ≠ €
because financial situation is....?


The population is overall estimate for 2003 at 59,6 millions.
In UE, UK is the 3rd largest population.

They're call british people: the British (Britons).

The UK is composed by one state and 4 nations
(a 4 nation state)
->England (largely dominant) over 49 millions (83,7%)
->Scotland: over 5 millions
->Wales: under 3 millions
->Northern Ireland (ulster not the Irish Republicalso called EIRE):
under 2 millions.

!!!SINGULARITY: Monarchy plays more its importance in UK than in the other countries.
Paradox: the political system capts some pictures from the past.

UK doesn't exist without the Queen.
It's just the reference of UK. (legacy of the past/the blast from the past).
The Queen is at the head of the .......... president.

1st minister=government.

II.The media: Information, Citizens and Consumers.

Their are two differents things in the media.
-->also refered to people (citizens)
-->also sale themselves to people (consumers).

It's an instrument of mass communication.
-shaping people's values ->influences their choices
->reflects their choices.
The main source of information is the government and on the economy.Social attitudes are strongly reflected , how you situate yourself in the society.

Britain is a class society.
Influences/reflects also their class attitude.
-->addresses to people commercial purpose.
To describe the power of the media « the fourth estate ».

A. Newspapers and broadcasying in Britain:

UK is the place of the biggest national press home.
More newspapers are printed and sawin Britain tha in any other countries except the Japan.
British is a huge Sunday press.
-->Dayly's newspapers ≠Sunday press.
Even after the internet Boom.

-->2/3 of the adults read newspapers.
Newspapers are readinf more in city because we have essentially an urban population.

Small country with a concentrated production
-->circulation (number of copies sold)
newspapers --> wellconcentrated as a book.

Broadcasting= large national state broadcasting.

BBC= created in 1936 --> Britain Broadcasting Corporation.
1950's= the state monopoly ending in UK (independance commercial)
//1980's== same situation in France.
1989= the first satellite network appears in Britain « SKY »

B. Social attitudes: tabloids and broadsheets.

The perception of class(culture,not simply money) is more evident than everywhere else in Europe.
The divide exists in Britain.

Ex: 1. Working Class-->Manual Workers (industry)
But when the industry declined the working class also but class attitude persists.
==>Popular press

2. Middle Class -->people who didn't work i, a manual work.
==>Quality press.


°Working Class= Blue collars...
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