Google Books Online is an innovative service that allows you to see all types of books directly on the Internet.
Google scans the books and after records all information about the book, that allows the researcher to locate relevant information on the topics or subject of their choice in books.
This service is available worldwide, and for anyone that is serving thecomputer or the academic researcher who needs readily available reference on the other side of the planet.
The results found in Google search provide access to bibliographic information and books ; in many cases if the text is subject to copyright there is short excerpts or if it is the public domain, there is complete books.In all cases, Google provides a link to bookstores or libraries, whereyou can buy or borrow the book.
This idea of online books is not new but noone before google had invested so much income and monopolize all power to accomplish it.
As early as the beginnings of Google's project has had to face many worries, as a logistical point of view: how does it exist in the book world? How long does it take to scan a book? ; and as a legal point of view: How to respectthe copyrights and the rights of publishers in making books accesible to all?
Initially we will study the aim of this project, its history and its implementation and, the controversies and criticisms related to the online books and finally the impact on the world of books.
I – The objectives of Google Search
Google wants toscan all of the works from around the world so that everyone can have online access to books from around the world, both old and rare books, books écrient in another language and available in a single country or books
exhausted or unavailable, or those available in bookstores.
For Marissa Mayer, Vice President, Search Products & User Experience at Google, Google search is the goal of GoogleMoon because no one has ever been willing to invest much money into digitizing books.
Modern books are available online, Google allows the reader to read some passages.
Readers may purchase the book online, or to be told a bookstore near his home where he can buy.
II – The history of Google search
Dice the university in 1996, Google founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page who havestudied at Stanford in computer, have a digital library project: "Stanford Digital Library Technologies Project. Their dream is that people around the world can make very specific searches on books worldwide, using the PageRank algorithm used by Google today.
Since 2002 a small team at Google are trying to identify the logistical challenges of implementing such a project. For this she leads asecret investigation throughout the world, especially in libraries that have digitized their collections.
It was then that the president of the University of Michigan Mary Sue Coleman announced that it would take at least 1,000 years to digitize all seven million volumes that make up the University Library. Larry tells her he can reduce this period to six years. An initial agreement wasborn.
In 2003, Google engineers make up a new scanning technique softer and not destructive to the books, and adapting to different fonts.
In 2004, a partnership with the Library of the University of Oxford allows digitization of public works whose centuries-old students did not reach because of their fragility.
In December 2004, Google announced that the Library project is possible throughthe collaboration of the University of Michigan, the New York Public Library, Oxford and Stanford, or 15 million volumes in the public domain.
Parallel to that of many American literary associations instituted a class action against Google, they reach an agreement in 2009. Who will be questioned later.
Since a few years many trials are ongoing in the world against Google: mostly for...
Lire le document complet
Veuillez vous inscrire pour avoir accès au document.