Romantic poetry often seems to express an ecological point of view, preferring what nature can teach to what man has taught. William Wordsworth is one of the best English poets. His interest in nature is vital. He is shown as a wisdom figure and the guide to a pastoral consciousness we cannot afford to neglect. It is said that seeing through and not with the eye in ecology as the centrality ofromanticism engenders a certain sense sublime. We will discuss the notion of ecology as the centrality of romanticism which gives an uplifting intelligence with Wordsworth’s works in romantic poetry.
By Wordsworth’s time, perceptions of animals had been changing in England. In opposition to the opinion of Descartes, animals were now thought to be capable of happiness andsuffering and to some persons; their emotional life seemed more admirably intense than that of adult humans. Animals might be viewed as individuals, each with its own unique personality and life history. Moreover, animals had been endowed by nature with rights.
In reconceptualising Burger’s “Der Wilde Jager”, Wordsworth in “Hart-leap well” inaugurates a new kind of romantic nature poetrywhich brings animals into the foreground and take their suffering seriously. So then, the vision propounded in “Hart-Leap Well” invites people to speculate how we can combine concern of the environment with concern of our fellow men. It is thus part of Wordsworth campaign against hunting. In the second part of the poem, arguments are typical of the discourse that attacked hunting, chiefly for itscruelty. The poem reaches more deeply; however, to explore irrational grounds of hunting’s appeal in Sir Walter’s enlarged sense of secure dominance, power, lust and megalomania in the aftermath of the chase. In the end, the poem may contemplate, with pleasure, the vanishing of mankind from the face of the earth; while nature remains in its beauty. He states:
This is nocommon waste, no common gloom,
But nature, in due course of time, once more
Shall here put her beauty and her bloom
She leaves these objects to a slow decay,
That what we are, and have been, may be known;
But at the coming of the milder decay,
These monumentsshall all be overgrown.
Wordsworth epiphanies in nature steep him in its “sense sublime” as he defines poetry as “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings”, intense “emotions recollected in tranquility”. In the sonnet “the world is too much with us”, he contrasts nature with the world of materialism and “making it”. Because we are insensitive to the richness of nature, we maybe forfeitingour souls. To us, there is nothing wonderful and mysterious about the natural world, but ancients who were pagans created a colorful mythology out of their awe of nature.
In the last four lines, he shows that nature is leading him peacefully, giving to him a cool sensation, sublime feelings; because he sees things in another reality, beyond the physical frame in order to bring outa different meaning; he causes envy to the young, for although he is a forgotten soul existing in the world, peace manages to find him and lead him to paradise.
So might I standing on this pleasant lea,
Have glimpses that will make me less forlorn,
Have sight of Proteus rising from the seaOr hear old triton blow his wreathed horn.
In the poem “Lines composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey…” Wordsworth opens with the declaration that five years have passed since he last visited this location, encountered its tranquil, rustic scenery, and heard the murmuring waters of the river.
The subject is memory-specifically, childhood memories of communion...
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