Semences améliorées

Pages: 6 (1341 mots) Publié le: 23 février 2011
I.GRANT PROPOSAL

GAMONZEN RANCH Sarl
Société a responsabilité limitée
Capital social 1 000 000 Fcfa
Siège social 248 avenue des Zarmakoye
BP 12 949 Niamey – NIGER
N°RCCM : NI-NIA-2009-B1296
NIF : 18051/R

Téléphone : (227) 20 35 15 06

Cellulaire : (227) 94 22 84 85 /98 05 55 30

Email : djibo.k@gmail.com

Project Title: Propagation and distribution of improved seeds to thepoorest farmers in the town of Kirtachi

The project aim to increase the production and the living standards of the poorest farmers in the town of Kirtachi by the multiplication and dissemination of improved seeds.
During the period of 3 years of the project an amount of 660 tonnes of certified seed of sorghum, millet, maize, cowpea, peanut and sesame will be produced and made available for 36000 farmers .

Start of the project : May 2011

End of the project : August 2013

Duration of the projet : 3 years

II. INTRODUCTION

A.Country Economic Background

1. Geography and Demography.

Niger is a landlocked country with an area of 1 267 000 km² in the Saharan/Sahelian belt of Africa, about 1 000 km from the nearest seaport. It shares borders with seven countries:Algeria and Libya to the north; Burkina Faso and Mali to the west; Benin and Nigeria to the south; and Tchad to the east. Since independence in 1960, the country has maintained stable borders and good relationships with these countries. Niger's population of over 11 million is growing at 3.3% per year, one of the highest rates in the world. About 85% of the population lives in a narrow strip 100-150 kmwide along the 1 500-km southern border. The rural population - over 80% of the total - is growing at 2.8% per year, compared to 6% per year for the urban population.

2. Economic Performances.

Following the uranium boom of the 1970s, Niger experienced a steady deterioration of economic, social and political conditions. The significant move towards democracy in 1999 was confirmed in 2004,by the first municipal elections and the second multi-party legislative/ presidential elections. The relatively stable socio-political conditions of the past few years allowed Government to undertake indispensable economic and institutional reforms that had just started to bear results when Niger's vulnerability to natural shocks was confirmed by severe locust attacks in 2004 and 2005, poorrains in 2005 and floodaison in 2010. An initial assessment of the impact of these events suggests that over 2.5 million persons - mostly women and children - were suffering from hunger when the crisis peaked in July-August 2005. In addition to climatic shock (rainfall variability), Niger is also vulnerable to external risks (e.g. world prices for uranium). Due to its dependence on trade withNigeria, its prospects for growth are conditioned by the exchange rate between the CFA franc and Nigeria's naira. Niger's GDP structure is dominated by the primary and tertiary sectors (39% and 43%, respectively): both sectors depend essentially on low-productivity informal-sector economic activities that generate little in the way of tax revenue. Uranium still accounts for 7% of GDP and 50% of exportearnings.

3. A Country in Crisis.

Like most other countries of the Sahel, Niger suffered from severe locust attacks in 2004 and 2005.
These attacks, combined with lower food outputs due to poor rains and a steep rise in food prices due to strong pressure of a more affluent demand in Nigeria, has generated a food crisis, particularly in the rural areas where the vast majority of thepopulation at risk lives.
This is the third food crisis to hit Niger since the early 1970s. Dramatic aspects of this one, however, are
the belated recognition of its existence and extent, and the rather slow and weak response to it.

B. Agricultural Sector.


Niger has four agro-ecological zones: (a) the Saharan zone in the far north (77% of the total
area), a very dry (under 150 mm...
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