American music

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American music

Objectives: discovers the americans musics

What types of music were created in American ? And by who ?
Intro: The colonial period is between 1619 and 1776. About 1 million slaves were deported against their will in America. Slavery will have profound and irreversible consequences on the history of music. Throughout history, music and religious songs mainly allowedblack Americans to preserve their unity and culture, to ensure against slavery and racial segregation, their autonomy of assert their difference and their pride.

Black slaves could carry instruments. So their memory and the need to cling to their beliefs resurface songs, dances and instruments probably linked to religious ceremonies and practices. born and different types of music that developed inAmerica ... such as the blues gospel jazz and later R & B, rap and hip-hop
 Genres tirés à partir du site ci dessous
-Blues: The Blues is as well a name given to a musical form and a music genre created in the Souther of the United States at the end of the 19the century.
It was created by spirituals, worksongs, field hollers, shouts and rhymes simple narrative ballads.
The genre is based on the blues form but possesses other characteristics such as specific lyrics, bass lines and instruments.
It can be divided in several subgenres ranging from country to urban blues that were more or less popular during different periods of the 20th Century. World War II marked the transition from acoustic toelectric blues, and the progressive opening of blues music to a wider audience. From the beginning of the 60's until the end of the 70's, a hybrid form caled Blues Rock develops. 
-Gospel: The Gospel is a music which was written to express either personal or communal belief regarding Christian life. As well as to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secularmusic (in terms of the varying music styles)
Gospel music is composed and performed for many purposes, including aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial, and as an entertainment product for the marketplace.
However, a common theme of most gospel music is praise (éloge), worship (l'adoration) or thanks to God, Christ, or the Holy Spirit
-Jazz:The Jazz is a musical art form which originated at the beginning of the 20th Century in Africain American communities in the Southern United States.
From it's first development until nowadays, jazz has incorporated music from 19th and 20th Century as an American popular music.
The use of bleu notes is evident in the West Africa, improvisation, polyrythms, syncopation and the swung note (notebalancée). But one of jazz's iconic figures, Art Blakey, has been quoted as sayong "No America, no jazz. I've seen people try to connect it ti other countries, for instance to Africa, but it doesn't have a damn thing to de with Africa."
As the music as spread around the world it has drawn on local national and regional musical cultures, its aesthetics being adapted to its varied environments andgiving rise to many distinctive styles.
Rhythm and blues (also known as R&B, R'n'B or RnB) is the name given to a wide-ranging genre of popular music created by African Americans at the end of the 40's and early the 50's. The term was originally used by record companies to refer to recordings marketed principally to urban African Americans, at a timewhen "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular.
The term has subsequently had a number of changements in meaning. At the beginning of the 50's and beyond, the term "rhythm and blues" was frequently associated to blues records. Starting in the 60's, after this style of music contributed to the development of "rock and roll", the term "R&B" became...