Chute kosovo

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  • Publié le : 14 juin 2011
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Tout d’abord, faire de l’ingérence est de se mêler d’un conflit d’un autre pays sans en avoir l’autorisation et donc, brimer sa souveraineté. Il y a eu beaucoup de forme d’ingérence durant la guerre au Kosovo. Premièrement, la Serbie refuse l'intervention d'un médiateur européen, l'ancien chef du gouvernement espagnol, Felipe Gonzalez, mandaté par l'Organisation pour la sécurité et laCoopération en Europe. Par la suite un embargo de L'ONU est mis sur les armes contre Belgrade. Plus tard, sous la pression américaine, Belgrade propose aux Kosovars un accord intérimaire d'une durée de 3 à 5 ans qui accorderait à la province un certain degré d'auto-administration. Par la suite un embargo de L'ONU, soit les États-Unis, la Grande-Bretagne, l’Allemagne, la France et l’Italie est mis sur lesarmes contre Belgrade. La Russie, quant à elle, s’abstient de faire cet embargo. On peut toutefois constater que cela est une forme d’ingérence de la part de l’ONU. Une autre forme d’ingérence est aussi présente, car les américains, hors du conflit, applique une pression afin de changer les choses et se mêlent directement du conflit sans même avoir aucun consentement. De plus depuis 1992, le Canadaa fourni 135 million d’aide au développement au Kosovo par l’intermédiaire de l’Agence canadienne de développement international. L’ACDI prévoit supprimer le programme dans les Balkans d’ici 2010. 

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13/05/2011
UN News Centre
Kosovo Heading Towards Phase of Greater Stability, UN Says
 
Kosovo appears to be heading towards a period of increased political stability that should inturn promoter greater dialogue between representatives of Kosovo and Serbia, a senior United Nations official told the Security Council today.
 
Lamberto Zannier, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative and the head of the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), presented the latest report on the work of the mission, stressing that further progress in dialogue between Pristinaand Belgrade is “key to finding solutions to the unresolved issues that hamper Kosovo’s development.”
Mr. Zannier said the process of dialogue has begun positively, with three face-to-face meetings so far between the representatives of Kosovo and Serbia.
 
The discussions have “focused on issues of importance to the day-to-day lives of Kosovo’s inhabitants,” he said, citing such subjects ascivil registration, freedom of movement and telephony.
 
 
“I am hopeful that both Pristina and Belgrade will demonstrate the resolve needed to find solutions to all relevant issues in a constructive spirit, so as to solve problems for all communities, as well as to create better conditions for progress on reconciliation and for the further advancement of the entire region towards a commonEuropean future.”
 
Mr. Zannier stressed that it is also essential for the parties to treat the situation on the ground both cooperatively and with respect for the concerns of all of Kosovo’s communities.
“Solutions that foster trust between Kosovo’s communities stand a much greater chance of serving the interests of long-term peace and stability,” he said.
 
He noted that many problems remain,notably in the north of Kosovo, where inter-communal relations are especially poor and the census has not yet been carried out as scheduled.
“The process has been unduly politicized and UNOPS [the UN Office for Project Services] reports that cooperation from local institutions on a number of operational aspects has not been forthcoming, in particular with regard to the formation of local censuscommissions and recruitment of field staff.
 
“This situation, if not rectified, will be detrimental for everybody. Without proper collection of data on the dimension and composition of the communities, it will be more difficult to plan the much needed interventions to promote the economic and social development of this region.”
The returns process across Kosovo also remains slow, in part because...
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