1. “From melting pot to salad bowl”
The melting pot is a metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneous, the different elements "melting together"into a harmonious whole with a common culture. It is particularly used to describe the assimilation of immigrants to the United States.
After 1970, the desir of assimilation and the melting pot modelwas challenged by proponents of multiculturalism, who assert that differences cultural within society are valuable and should be preserved.
Now, in the United States, where the term melting pot isstill commonly used, despite being largely disregarded by modern sociologists as an outdated and diffuse term, the ideas of cultural pluralism and multiculturalism have largely replaced the idea ofassimilation. Alternate models where immigrants retain their native cultures, their traditions, their language, such as the 'salad bowl' is more often used by prominent sociologists to describe how culturesand ethnicities mix in the United States.
The cartoons show very well this idea. Indeed, in the fist one, we can see an American woman making a cake for a white boy. But then, in the second one, thewoman has to make a cake for two boys coming from different country (one white, one black). So it becomes more complicated for her who has to convince two boys with different tastes. To finish, inthe last cartoon, the woman is unable to cope; she can’t make a cake for six different ethnic children, because she would have to mix many tastes so that every child enjoys it! It’s a good image todescribe emigration in the USA.
2. Have we lost our minds? Canadian immigration and emigration.
The United States has long been a huge draw for Canadians. The geographical closeness, the economicopportunities (taxes are higher in Canada than in the USA), the relationship between the two countries have built over the years and their common cultural features make it easy for thousands of...