Le futur du logeent social en angleterre

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COURSEWORK 2 URBAN REGENERATION

Subject: Are we at “The end of social housing”? How might this impact on future Urban Regeneration schemes?

Words: 2869 (excluding appendices)

Content:

Figures, p.3

Introduction, p.4

1/ Housing need and demand, p.4-7
2/ Demand, social housing and deprived areas, p.7-9
3/ Neighbourhood satisfaction by area, p.9-10
4/ New homes bonus schemes andgovernmental strategies, p.10-11

Conclusion, p.11-12

Annexes, p.13
Sources, p.14 
Figures:

Figure 1: Housing need numbers for 2006 by region, p.5

Figure 2: New social and affordable housing provision (average annual number), p.5

Figure 3: Household projections in England and the Regions (2003-based): 2003 – 2026, p.6

Figure 4: Surplus social lettings by broad region 2002-2021,p.7

Figure 5: Composite low demand indices 2000-2006, p.8

Figure 6: Satisfaction with area by whether living in the 10 per cent most deprived areas, England, 2007 (thousand), p.9

Introduction
Subject: Are we at “The end of social housing”? How might this impact on future Urban Regeneration schemes?
To respond to this subject the student worked about need and demand in England in the21st century for the social building. Based on the recent changes of the housing system in England, the report will focus on the historical background of social housing to reason about the future role of social housing. In the actual economic context, in which there is a high affordability pressure, as well as the increase of the population; within the social sector the demand varies a lot. Afterthe 1st coursework in urban regeneration course, the student observed in England the importance to find a way to improve the quality about Decent Homes Standard which gives lot of importance to neighbourhood quality, location and functioning of local communities.
There are many factors that may affect the provision of social housing going forward such as localism, community led planning, marketrents... Recently the government presented the new homes bonus schemes, it will be interesting to developed about this new strategy and conclude with its immediate effects in the future.

Housing need and demand
Kate Barker’s review of housing supply (2004) permits to understand the state of housing sector in England concerning need and demand. Her analysis relates the lack of housing supplyin 2004 and allows to understand the rise of demand for renting. Before going into the issue of need and demand of social housing, the student wishes first to summarise the history of housing in England in the early twenty-first century. The housing in England is characterised by the rise of demand for renting (in general and social) which is for a big part due to the increase of house prices.Over the last 30 years, UK house prices went up by 2.4% a year. Compare to the EU where the house prices went up by 1.1% a year, in Germany it was 0.0% and in France 0.8% (Barker, 2004). The increase of house price is due to the housing system, characterized by owner occupation. In this housing system the new households are not able to buy their own house due to the rise of prices compare to theirincomes. Another negative factor for the lower-income household is the recent competition for private rented housing.
So, they are forced to choose renting. However, in most cases the tenants in social lettings are not able to move and buy their own house, or even used their right to buy (annexes 1).
Region Household growth Net need (positives) Surplus lettings Net re-lets Backlog need
North8,400 886 4,919 23,463 58,169
Yorks & Humber 24,600 15,452 702 27,539 150,974
North West 27,400 8,346 6,009 47,222 132,612
East Midlands 21,000 8,252 1,676 23,151 81,632
West Midlands 19,800 5,070 3,522 34,184 77,244
South West 26,800 21,894 0 16,671 92,244
East 26,400 15,243 274 24,513 82,621
South East 32,800 31,043 196 27,039 119,377
London 39,200 48,524 387 26,692 202,050
England...
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