1) A short biography of Shakespeare [pic]
William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, in England in 1564. He was the third of seven children born to John and Mary Arden Shakespeare.
Shakespeare's father was a tanner and glove maker. He was also a fairly prominent political figure, being an alderman of Stratford for years. Hedied in 1601, leaving little land to William. Not much is known of Mary Shakespeare, except that she had a wealthier family than John.
William Shakespeare attended a very good grammar school in Stratford-upon- Avon. His instructors were all Oxford graduates, and his studies were primarily in Latin. Little else is known of his boyhood.
In 1582 at 18 years of age, Shakespearemarried Anne Hathaway. Their first daughter, Susanna, was born in 1583, followed by twins in 1585, Hamnet and Judith. By 1592, Shakespeare was an established playwright in London. The plague kept the theaters closed most of the time, and it was during this time that Shakespeare wrote his earliest sonnets and poems.
Shakespeare did most of his theater work in a district northeast of London, intwo theaters owned by James Burbage, called the Theatre and the Curtain. In 1598, Burbage moved to Bankside and built the famous Globe Theatre, in which Shakespeare owned stock.
In 1603, Shakespeare's theatrical company was taken under the patronage of King James I, and became known as the King's Company. In 1608, the company acquired the Blackfriars Theatre.
Shakespeare retiredfrom theatre in 1610 and returned to Stratford. In 1613 the Globe Theatre burned down, but Shakespeare remained quite wealthy and contributed to the building of the new Globe Theatre. Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616 and was buried in the chancel of the Church of the Holy Trinity in Stratford.
2) Midsummer night’s dream
The supernatural characters:
oOberon, King of Elves
o Titania, Queen of Elves (same as in children's books 'The rainbow fairies')
o Puck, a.k.a. Robin Goodfellow, servant to Oberon
o Titania's fairy servants (her "train"):
▪ First Fairy
▪ Peaseblossom, fairy
▪ Second fairy
▪ Third (sometimes rendered as 'Mote'), fairy
o Theseus, Duke of Athens, good friend of Egeus
o Hippolyta, Queen of the Amazons and betrothed of Theseus
o Egeus, father of Hermia, wants to force Hermia to get married to Demetrius
o Lysander, beloved of Hermia
o Hermia, beloved of Lysander
o Helena, in love with Demetrius
o Demetrius, inlove with Hermia
o Philostrate, Master of the Revels for Theseus
The acting troupe (also known as The Mechanicals):
o Peter Quince, carpenter, who leads the troupe
o Nick Bottom, weaver; he plays Pyramus in the troupe's production of "Pyramus and Thisbe," and receives a donkey head from Puck so that Titania will magically fall in love with a monster.
oFrancis Flute, the bellows-mender who plays Thisbe.
o Robin Starveling, the tailor who plays Moonshine.
o Tom Snout, the tinker who plays the wall.
o Snug, the joiner who plays the lion.
The plot :
Theseus, duke of Athens, is preparing for his marriage to Hippolyta, queen of the Amazons, with a four-day festival of pomp and entertainment. He commissions his Masterof the Revels, Philostrate, to find suitable amusements for the occasion. Egeus, an Athenian nobleman, marches into Theseus’s court with his daughter, Hermia, and two young men, Demetrius and Lysander. Egeus wishes Hermia to marry Demetrius (who loves Hermia), but Hermia is in love with Lysander and refuses to comply. Egeus asks for the full penalty of law to fall on Hermia’s head if she flouts...