Sri lanka

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Examples
 of
 Environmental
 Sustainable
 and
 Ecotourism
 in
  Sri
 Lanka
 
 
 

emocratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is an isle in the Indian subcontinent. It counts about 20 million inhabitants with an area of 65,610 km²1. Sri Lanka has 1,340km of seaside, mostly composed of white sand beaches but is also known for its high level ofbiodiversity; which come from wide range of topographic and climatic variations to a high proportion of endemic species among its fauna and flora2
 
  In
  addition
  to
  own
  remarkable
  ecosystems,
 nevertheless
 fragile,
 recently
  prone
  to
  natural
  disasters,
  like
  the
  2004
  tsunami;
  Sri
  Lanka
  is
  also
  a
 land
  inhabited
  by
  poor
  and
  very
  traditional
  Sri
 Lanka
 Map
  populations.
  Indeed,
  Sri Lanka's population is very diverse, even if it consists of two main groups: the Sinhalese and Tamils. The Sinhalese form the majority group with 69% of the population and live mainly in the southwestern part of the island while the Tamils have severalcommunities3. In 2009, more than 400,000 tourists came in Sri Lanka and it approximately creates 125,000 direct or indirect jobs4. So we can say that tourism positively impacts Sri Lanka economy, however it also impacts the environment and threatens its durability. That’s why in this particular context some measures are taken to protect Sri-Lankais life place and preserve goodwill Sri Lanka tourismindustry. Indeed, firstly based on low cost seaside resorts tourism; nowadays it seems that ecotourism and Tour Operator including Sri Lanka fauna and flora discover are more and more attractive.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 Gouësset.C,
 (07/04/2010),
 “Democratic
 Socialist
 Republic
 of
 Sri
 Lanka:
 some
 basic
 facts”,
 L’Express
 

Unawatuna
 Beach,
 Sri
 Lanka
 

[Online]
 available
 at:
 http://archive.wikiwix.com/cache/?url=http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/monde/asie/sri-­‐lanka-­‐fiche-­‐ reperes_485531.html&title=lire%20en%20ligne
  2
 
 Sir
 Marcus
 Fernando
 Mawatha,
 (2005),
 “Environment
 in
 Sri
 Lanka”,
 Columbo,
 Forestry
 And
  Environment
 Society,
 [Online]
 available
 at:
 http://www.environmentlanka.com/biodiv.html
 
  3
 
 Language
 planning
 in
 the
 world, (2010),
 ”Sri
 Lanka”,
 [Online]
 available
 at:
  http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/asie/srila.htm
 
  4
 Sri
 Lanka
 Tourism
 (2010)
 “Annual
 Statistical
 Report
 2009”,
 [Online]
 available
 at:
  http://www.scribd.com/doc/35085947/Annual-­‐Report-­‐2009
 


 

1
 

There
  is
  no
  universal
  definition  of
  ecotourism
  but
  we
  can
  definite
  it
  like
  a
  responsible
  tourism
  in
  natural
  areas
  that
  conserves
  the
  environment
  and
  contributes
  to
  the
 well
 being
 of
 local
 people5.
 
 
  There
 for
 national
 tourism
 authorities
 of
 Sri
 Lanka
 have not
 actually
 put
 in
 place
  a
  clear
  policy
  of
  sustainable
  tourism,
  responsible
  tourism
  comes
  more
  from
  non-­‐ governmental
  organizations
  and
  private
  which
  try
  to
  initiate
  programs
  of
  ecotourism:
  we
  can
  note
  organizations
  like
  Sri
  Lanka...
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