Before the British came, India was one of the richest countries in the world. Towards the end of 18th century, India was economically more developed than Britain. Indeed the Britishhad nothing for sale that could interest India. However, when the British left in 1947, India was poor and industrially backward. How did that happen and how did British Rule affectIndia’s economy ? Let’s come to today’s topic: The Economic Effects of British Rule in India.

First of all, I will make a brief presentation on how India’s economy was during thepre-colonial period in 3 aspects: agriculture, trade and handicraft. Then we pass on the main part of the subject on how the british rule affected India’s economy and the impacts?India’s economy prior to British Rule

1. self-sufficient agriculture
Before the British came, agricultural operations were carried on in India by subsistence farmers,organised in small village communities. Villages were more or less self-sufficient economic units and business contacts with the outside world were limited to payment of land revenue andthe purchase of a few necessities from the towns nearby. The farmer raised only those crops needed for his own use and shared the same with the village artisans who supplied him withsimple products needed for domestic comsumption.
The farmer usually grew enough produce to feed himself and the non-agricultural members of the village community. If his cropyielded was more than needed, due to favourable weather, the surplus was stored for use in the lean years. Storage of grains was a common practice and also the only safeguard againstfamines.

2. flourishing trade
in spite of the fact that the Indian villages were largely self-sufficient units and the means of communication were quite primitive, India enjoyed [à continuer]

Lire la dissertation complète

Citer cette dissertation


(2010, 07). The economic effects of the british rule in india. Récupérée 07, 2010, à partir de


"The economic effects of the british rule in india" 07 2010. 2010. 07 2010 <>.


"The economic effects of the british rule in india.", 07 2010. Web. 07 2010. <>.


"The economic effects of the british rule in india." 07, 2010. Accédée 07, 2010.