This text is a press article entitled The Shame Of India. It was written by Liz Stuart and was published in The Guardian Weekly which is a British Newspaper. It’s actually a bunch of articles from The Guardian and The Observer, The Washington Post and Le Monde. Eventually it was published on January, 10th 2002.
This article describes a Dalit’s man’s life. The journalistreports on the Caste System in India. We can assume that the article is based on a testimony. Actually, the burning issue is social division and discrimination in India. We are given information about their social status. Dalits are not considered as part of human society. Morover she insists on the fact that they represent 20% of the total population. Their everyday living conditions are appalingand miserable. Then the other focus is on MacWan. The key information about him is that he’s an activist he has been fighting for Dalit’s civil rights since 1981. As for his family background we can say that he comes from an underprivileged family and yet he managed to carry on further studies. Nonetheless, one day he was on the verge of giving up his fight since he was sick and tired. However adalit mother gives him back the desire to keep fighting. MacWan is the leader of a domestic and international lobby given that he believes the cast system is the shame of India.
Our commentary will be splet in three parts. The first one is about the Indian’s hidden apartheid, the second one about Dalit’s everyday lives and their shameful discrimination. The last part will be about MacWan’sfight.
This article is to expose and denounce the social situation of Dalits in India. The journalist points out the fact that they are considered as a minority group and yet there’s 250milion Dalits in India. This statement is very impressive and even flabbergasting. It corresponds to 25% of the total population in India which amounts to 1 billion people. Moreover India has the 2nd biggestpopulation in the world. The problem lies with the Dalits being not considered part of humankind. They are outcasts, being discriminated and prejudiced is part of their daily lives. The word outcast means that they don’t belong to the social pattern. Through MacWan’s testimony we are informed that they are treated differently by the others belonging to a cast. He’s fighting for their civil rights. WhatLiz Stuart wants us to realize is that this situation is known by many people (l.1). The word Dalit doesn’t ring a bell to many people (l.5). She insists on the idea that very few people have got informations about the meaning of the word Dalit (l.8). The Dalits are also known as untouchable. The journalist makes a comparison with South Africa when she uses the word Apartheid. Most people whohave heard about the cast system, believe that it has been abolished and definitly eradicated (l.6-7).
Fortunately, MacWan has decided to struggle against these discriminations so that Dalits can fight back for they’re civil right and also regain their dignity. Dalits are humiliated; they are treated like animals and even dirt. They are considered as nonentities, it means that they are notregarded as human beings. Some humiliations are minor-ones, for example, they are not allowed to wear sunglasses, they are forbidden from tucking their shirt into their pants, they are denied to ride bicycles in town centers. But they have go to through major-ones. Dalit’s women are raped by caste men. They are forced to prostitute to temples. They are obliged to clean the skeptical pit by hands.It’s a very degrading job since they lose their self-esteem. All these examples show that they are excluded; they are cut off of the society. This passage proves that they are an outcast. Discrimination is forbidden by the law in India, and yet it is widespread; it is paradoxical.
On the last part of the text the focus is on MacWan’s family background. His father was a tobacco picker. It is a...