Urbanisme et le developement durable

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URBAN DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY Final Report of the Working Group on Urban Design for Sustainability to the European Union Expert Group on the Urban Environment
23 January 2004

Contents: Summary Main report: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

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Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………… 7 The issues……………………………………………………………………………………. 10 Developing thevision……………………………………………………………………….. 18 The obstacles………………………………………………………………………………… 41 Recommendations…………………………………………………………………………… 43 National reporting framework Expert contributions National reports (Austria, Spain, Finland, Slovakia) National good practices (Germany, Sweden, Hungary, Netherlands, France) List of Working Group participants Minutes of the meetings Terms of Reference

Annexes

This report was commissioned by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture,Forestry, Environment and Water Management, Division V/5 Transport, Mobility, Human Settlements and Noise, under the coordination of Mr Robert Thaler and Mrs Gabriele Langschwert. The report is the output of the Expert Working Group on Urban Design for Sustainability, reporting to the European Expert Group on the Urban Environment and Environment Directorate of The European Commission to informthe European Union's Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment. The Working Group was chaired by Gabriele Langschwert, on behalf of the Government of Austria, and cochaired by Marta García Nart, of the Ministry of Development, for the Government of Spain, and Matti Vatilo, of the Ministry of the Environment for the Government of Finland. The three governments funded the inputs of consultants tothis report. The Working Group employed a particular approach in drawing up this report. It encompassed the contributions of the experts from a number of different European countries, including contributions by officials representing different directorates of the European Commission. It also drew substantially on national good practice inputs from a wide range of European sources (in particular thethree host countries, through their consultants, but also other EU member states and accession countries, through the experts representing governments, cities, academia and professional organizations). This example of good practice in European co-operation was initiated by Mrs Langschwert, with her co-chairs. The report was compiled and edited by Tony Lloyd-Jones, international urban designconsultant to the Government of Austria.

Urban Design for Sustainability Final Report of the Working Group

1

Summary
This is the interim report by the Working Group on Urban Design for Sustainability, reporting to the EU Expert Group of the Urban Environment. It should be read in conjunction with the reports of the Working Groups on Sustainable Urban Transport, Urban Management and SustainableConstruction. Together with the outputs of these other groups, its main objective is to deliver a set of recommendations to the European Commission to inform the Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment. It should also be read in conjunction the earlier EU Expert Group report on Sustainable Urban Land Use as there is a large degree of overlap between the two study areas and this report draws onthe contents of that earlier report.1 The report identifies models and strategies of good practice in urban design to support sustainability in EU and EU-accession countries, and presents a review of best practice and recommendations for action at all levels. It explores the themes of re-designing and retro-fitting existing urban areas, designing for greenfield sites, and knitting the urbanfabric together to achieve an integrated city-wide vision. These themes are explored within the broader context of achieving sustainable urban development in Europe. The report sets out the main issues to be faced on a Europe-wide scale in response to a common set of ‘mega trends’. Globalisation includes the increasing spatial division of labour and...
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