Europe in Transition
Dr. Ilari Karppi University of Tampere School of Management/Regional Studies Spring term/third period 2011
• Study Guide: “Regional development and management of European demographic changes” • Special theme of the year: Management of European diversity and challenges of cohesion, particularly as reflected in co-operation across various borders and boundariesCourse Structure
The altogether 6 Credits and how to earn them?
• 4 ECTS
– Attend the introductory lectures – Read the literature suggested by the lecturers – Write an essay (ca. 6 pages with pictures and diagrams) based on one or several themes discussed during the lectures
• + 2 ECTS
– Broaden the 6-page essay to a seminar paper (ca. 10 pages with pictures and diagrams) – Present thepaper in a seminar
Programme for the spring of 2011
• Lectures on Fridays, 10:15 – 13:00 Between January 21 and February 25
– Seminar for presentation of papers: February/March, exact dates to be agreed – PLACE: Department of Regional Studies seminar room A3028
A general outline of how the sessions are thought to unfold
intro & info lecture
B R E key A points K discussion
11.4012.00 12.15 12.45
A general outline of how the sessions unfold
• Lectures are followed by a “questions and answers session” or a team exercise/demonstration of ca 30 minutes (within the time frames of the entire lecture)
East-West Boundary as we still tend to imagine it
Three broad topics
• Thepoint of departure: humans and their communities as factors of competitiveness, cohesion and survival in a knowledge-based economy
– Europe in global context – Europe: united or divided? – Enlargement as a challenge to cohesion
Transparency International 2008 rankings
Transparency International 2009 rankings
Just to show how persistent the divisions are Just to show how persistent thedivisions are
What may explain the differences?
• Are there genuine civilisational boundaries to be seen and underlying them? • What other kinds of dynamics or structural features might explain the differences? • How are the differences present in the change and transformation processes as they unfold?
What Samuel Huntington said?
• In the post-Cold War world the global conflict isover, not only the European one (H. citing
• But: the West believing that it comprises the universal benchmark for a “society” is prone to run into a conflict with societies that are not within its cultural affinity
On Huntington (continued)
• No single East/West cultural spectrum • State and cultural fault-lines: the case of the Ukraine • A civilisation-based world emerging • “Theclash of civilisations argument”: resurrection of the argument after 9/11 • Expanding and contracting cultural spheres: the demographic argument – Q: where does the global youth come from?
A: Homebases of the global youth
Percentage of total population: age 15-24
22 20 18 16 14 12 10 0 1965 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2025 Russian Federeation Islamic Countries
YearAdopted from S. Hungtington: The Clash of Civilisations and the Remaking of World Order, original sources: UN, Population Division, 1994-95
More population figures for Europe and the world:
UN Population Fund (UNFPA) estimates for population in 2004 (in millions) and projections for 2050
Pop Projection Growth 2004 2050 2000-05 6 377.6 8 198.7 1.2 1 206.1 1 219.7 .2 5 171.5 7 699.1 1.5 736.6 1674.5 2.4 Urban 03 (%) 48 75 42 27 Urban growth 2.1 .5 2.8 4.3
World total More developed regions Less developed regions Least developed countries
Population figures and estimates for “Old EU-Europe” (in millions)
Austria Belgium France Germany Greece Ireland Italy Netherlands Portugal Spain United Kingdom Denmark Finland Sweden +Norway Pop 2004 8.1 10.3 60.4 82.5 11.0 4.0 57.3 16.2 10.1...
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