-1-Tranformation passive : To be (conjugué au temps convenable) + participe passé du verbe. ( by + c. d’agent)
tenses Active formpassive form
simple The postman delivers The letters are delivered
present the letters every day. Every day by the postman.
Be +ing Thepostman is delivering The letters are being delivered
The letters now. Now by the postman.
Preterit The postman delivered The letterswere delivered
The letters yesterday. Yesterday by the postman.
Preterit The postman was delivering The letters were being delivered
Be+ing the letterswhen a dog bit him. By the postman when a dog bit him.
Present The postman has just The letters have just been delivered
Perfect delivered the letters.By the postman.
Past The postman had delivered The letters had been delivered
Perfect the letters when he fell. By the postman when he fell.
Future Thepostman will deliver The letters will be delivered
The letters tomorrow. By the postman tomorrow.
Modals The postman must deliver The letters must bedelivered
The letters before 10 a.m. by the postman before 10 a.m.
-2- if sentences: phrases de condition.
a) if + present, future.ex : If I go to England, I willimprove my accent.
b) If + preterit modal, conditionnel. Ex: If I were a millionaire, I would travel all around the world.
c) If + past perfect, conditionnel passé. Ex: If I had workedharder, I would have passed my exam.
-3- Souhait: I wish+ preterit modal: ex: I wish I were you.
Ex: I wish I didn’t smoke.
-4- Regret: I wish + past perfect: ex: I wish I had passed my exam.
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