STRESS AND ITS EFFECTS
its knowledge and its management
Stress is seen as the evil of the century. It spares no one. Everyone's talking about and speaks to everyone. He is accused of all evils in our modern society. Stress, stress, stress words are tainted by improper use, they are words that are in conversations to express irritation, fatigue, anxiety, fun.
Today, stress has anegative connotation, probably because there is confusion between stress and stress factors and which could not be designated as a stress factor. The word is often used in a negative way without realizing that it is thanks to stress that we can adapt ourselves, to develop capacity succeed.
The term stress of English origin means pressure. It was used by the Canadianphysiologist, of Austrian origin, Hans Selye, in 1936, to describe a reaction, a natural response of the body respond to stimulation, an assault or a solicitation, whether of physical, mental, sensory or emotional.
In other words, stress is a normal phenomenon. It allows us to adapt to a new situation, to prepare for what is changing continuously. "What is permanent, said E. Rostand, is change." Somecall it evolution. But we are constantly faced with situations of change, always in adaptation.
Changing situations over time:
That's life itself that generates stress in that it leads to life changing situations or to overcome difficulties, and each has more or less challenging to achieve. Stress is inherent to existence.
The pitfall is to confuse stress and stress factors. It isnormal to be tense on the eve of a move to a new job, a job interview, a written or oral.
Life is not learned, it gives a series of live situations. This is an estate that does not stop and will change depending on the circumstances that we do not
The situations involve all areas of daily life, sometimes they arrive by surprise. The pressure of everyday life with the inevitabletensions, uncertainties, disputes and other conflicts, family gatherings or work, changes jobs or schedules, travel, not to mention the painful changes such as separation, job loss, divorce, illness, death, assault, accident, unforeseen cortège are examples.
It is thanks to stress that we are more attentive, it allows us to overcome, to create and implement ideas and solutions, or develop skillsthat we did not suspect. Athletes can testify that stress helps them to transcend in a competition for example.
Two qualifiers: the "good" and "bad" stress.
This is because it alerts us and puts us on the alert against aggression or solicitation that stress is a powerful incentive that impels us to live. This is called "good" stress and stress "positive".
It is very useful because itallows us to react, to be effective, even as we surpass the athlete, the actor who dominates the emotions of a meeting planned or accidental.
When stress is intense and brutal, when the stress continues or intensifies, or becomes uncontrollable, when we use the stress at small fires, day after day, the adaptive capacity of the body are overwhelmed. This is called "bad" stress or stress"negative." The body weakens and becomes vulnerable, there is risk of various diseases.
As highlighted Sylvie Bellaud-Caro, sophrologue, negative stress is caused by excessive stimulation of external and internal attacks, often both tell us. The external stimuli may be related to cold, noise (work, music, traffic, environment ...), a change of employment, a situation of insecurity, to professionalburnout, a domestic context.
Domestic assaults are represented by the bullying, harassment experienced, repressed emotions such as anger, grief or fear, separation, grief, anxiety, but also the psychological impact, small or large, that have left traces in our unconscious and are "awakened" by the events of everyday life. "Nothing will be spared me, we need j'encaisse, but I can not stand it...
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