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Racial segregation is the separation of different kinds of humans into racial groups in daily life. It may apply to activities such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a washroom, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home.
In the United States, legal segregation was required in some states and came with "anti-miscegenation laws" (prohibitions against interracial marriage). There were laws passed against segregation in the USA in the 1960s.
Segregation, however, often allowed close contact in hierarchical situations, such as allowing a person of one race to work as a servant for a member of another race. Segregation can involve spatial separation of the races, and/or mandatory use of different institutions, such as schools and hospitals by people of different races.
After the proclamation of emancipation had abolished the slavery in the South of the United States, the racial discrimination was governed by the laws Jim Crow which obliged a strict segregation of races. Although these laws are established just after the end of the war, in most of the cases, they were only formalized after the end of the Reconstruction led by the republicans in the 1870s and 1880 during the period called Nadir of American race relations. This legal segregation was current until 1960s, mainly because of the considerable influence of the conservatives(curators) of the South.
The laws Jim Crow is the nickname given to a whole series of orders and regulations promulgated generally in municipalities or states of the South of the United States of America between 1876 and 1964. These laws distinguished the citizens according to their "racial" membership and while admitting their equality of law they imposed a segregation of swear in all the places and the public utilities.
The most important introduced the segregation into schools and into most of the public utilities, including the trains and the buses.