Papadoc

Pages: 9 (2048 mots) Publié le: 23 février 2011
CONCOURS GÉNÉRAL SÉNÉGALAIS

1/7

07 1 CGS 08 01 Durée : 5 heures Toutes séries réunies CLASSES DE PREMIÈRE

SESSION 2007

ANGLAIS
CORRUPTION IN AFRICA Public outrage about corruption in Africa has been openly expressed since early 1990, spawned by pro-democracy movements that drew large numbers of people into political debate and encouraged them to organize street protests, and strikes.And other outbursts of discontent introduced multiparty politics to many Africans and even sometimes urged people to remove unpopular leaders, either through the ballot-box or outright revolt. The emerging pro-democracy forces not only asserted the right of ordinary citizens to speak out and organize independently of the State, but demanded accountability from their elected officials. High-levelstate corruption became a prominent target. Its punishment and eradication were frequently demanded by those assembled behind democratic banners. Independent newspapers and magazines ran numerous exposés. Trade-unions, popular organizations and opposition parties urged the removal of officials and the recovery of embezzled funds. Elected legislators and members of incoming governments draftedcodes of conduct and appointed investigative panels to cleanse the bureaucratic apparatus. These actors view corruption as vicious to democratic practice because, by its very nature, it despises public scrutiny. And since it propped up many greatly disliked governments and administrations through political patronage, efforts by new democratic forces to expose and limit corruption weakened supportersof the old regime. Corruption leads to a loss of faith in the government and non-compliance with laws and regulations. Economic development requires not only sound economic policies but also compliance and cooperation of government officials and citizens in implementing these policies. One problem facing reformers such as African policymakers and non governmental organizations is to sift throughthe mass of problems, and determine those most disabling and those most susceptible to reform. Dele Olowu, an expert on Public Administration and corruption in Africa argues that governmental corruption is pervasive in Africa because efforts have focused on remedies before a thorough analysis of the problem. Policymakers’ lack of understanding of some of the root causes has led to ineffective reformon the land. Devising an anticorruption strategy is complex because the success of any program depends heavily on a strong commitment from the country’s authorities, the abusers. An extract from Governance and the Economy in Africa IRIS 1996

5

10

15

20

25

…/… 2

ANGLAIS

2/7

07 1 CGS 08 01 Toutes séries réunies CLASSES DE PREMIERE

I – READING COMPREHENSION A –VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT: Complete the following sentences by replacing the underlined words with words from the text. (04 points) 1) – when the masses require that the authorities answer for their misconduct, we say that they expect ………… from the authorities. 2) – What we aim at is called our ……………………………. 3) – Our accountant took the company’s money away for himself : he ……………… the money……………… 4 ) – Thedeath of a police officer in 1987 generated lots of guesses about his possible murderer. We say it ………….. guesses ……………………………………………… B – MULTIPLE CHOICE: choose a or b for the correct answer. Otherwise fill in c to make up your own answer. Only one answer is acceptable. (04 points) 5) – Which aspect of corruption is not focused on in the text ? a) – The effects of corruption and how to eradicate it.b) – Ordinary citizens’ corruption. c) – ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6) – The nature of corruption a) – Depends on the very existence of democracy b) – Can hardly tally with democracy. c) – ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7) – In the writer’s view, decision makers intend to a) - make slight changes in the bureaucratic apparatus b) – maintain the bureaucratic apparatus as such....
Lire le document complet

Veuillez vous inscrire pour avoir accès au document.

Devenez membre d'Etudier

Inscrivez-vous
c'est gratuit !