Presentation arabie saoudite en anglais

Pages: 10 (2456 mots) Publié le: 7 juillet 2010
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
The flag of Saudi Arabia
The flag of Saudi Arabia is the flag used by the government since March 15, 1973. It was conceived in 1925 as having been little changed thereafter. Its final form was adopted in 1980.
it marks the power of Saud, who did bring order to the peninsula from 1880 to 1953 and established the kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932..
The green background isthe color of Islam. Flag is composed of a white sword (evoking justice and the conquest war of Ibn Saud to unify the country) and The script on the flag is written in the Thuluth script. It is the shahadah or Islamic declaration of faith: which meaning "There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah"
Emblem of Saudi Arabia
The Saudi Arabian national emblem was adopted in 1950.According to the Saudi Constitution[2] it consists of two crossed swords with a palm tree in the open upper space between the blades. The swords represent the two areas Hijaz and Nejd united under Ibn Saud in 1926.
This symbol means that "No prosperity is possible without justice."
Key figures
* Capital: Riyahd, 4.5 million inhabitants. (1999).
* Size: 1,960,582 sq km (depending CIAWFB).
* Official Language: Arabic
* Illiteracy is still 38% of women and 19% of men. "
* Government: Islamic absolute monarchy
* King: Abdallah Ier
* Currency: Saudi Ryial
* Maritime Boundary: 2640 km.
At the beginning of the seventh century Saudi Arabia was a country of nomadic tribes and small villages clustered around oases. Then the Prophet Muhammad spoke ofhis prophetic visions revealing the existence of a god only Allah. This message and the establishment of a new Muslim state, whose capital was Medina, unified the country in the Middle East for the first time. When the fourth Caliph, Ali, moved the center of Muslim power in Iraq , Arabia lost much of its importance, even if Mecca and Medina remained large religious centers. Later the caliphs ofDamascus and Baghdad lost their power over the Muslim world and most of Arabia under repassed authority of the tribes.

From the mid-fifteenth century, the Saud dynasty ruled the region Diriyah, a town near the present capital, Riyadh Guidelines. In the eighteenth century, the leader Saud allied himself with religious reformer Muhammad ibn Abdual-Wahhab, who preached a return to strict compliancewith Islamic laws, with the support of the armies of Saud, the Wahhabi Islamic movement soon spread throughout most of the Arabia.

In the nineteenth century, as the al-Saud dominated almost the entire Arabian Peninsula, the Ottoman Empire sent its army to restore its authority in the region. The Ottoman army took Diriyah in 1818, but in 1824 the Al-Saud had regained central Arabia andestablished their new capital at Riyadh. There followed many years of unrest and tribal warfare.

The weakening of the Ottoman Empire and the First World War supplied to Ibn Saud full opportunity to be crowned King of Hejaz and Ndedj in 1927. On September 23, 1932, the country declared itself independent Islamic state with Arabic as official language and the Quran as the Constitution. Saudi Arabia isnow ruled by the royal family of Saud. Wahab's family is responsible for religious affairs. "
King Ibn Saud died in 1953 leaving his eldest son Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz a prosperous kingdom. But the latter was deposed in 1964 for the benefit of his brother Faisal. From 1973, he took advantage of the oil boom to pose as the champion of Sunni Islam in the world. During the Yom Kippur War, Saudi Arabiaplayed a decisive role briefly suspending oil shipments to countries that had supported Israel and multiplying by four the world price of oil. In March 1975, King Faisal was assassinated by a nephew of Khalid. The 1979 Iranian revolution and the storming of the Great Mosque in Mecca by Islamic fundamentalists constituted a blow to the Saudi government who, with the assistance of the United States,...
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