Religion et politique en pologne

Pages: 17 (4178 mots) Publié le: 6 janvier 2011
POLISH POLITICS:
RELATIONS BETWEEN CATHOLIC CHURCH AND POLITICS
IN POST-COMMUNIST POLAND.

Introduction

I) Poland : a very catholic country.

A) how catholic faith has became a symbol of polish unity.
B) religiosity in Poland.

II) Between religion and politics: which of both influences the other one.

A) The intrusion of Catholic Church in the political field.
B) Theinstrumentalisation of Church by the politics.

III) The Vox Populi to the test of Catholic faith.

A) The Catholic Church disavowed in its intrusion in the political field.
B) toward a normalisation between the Church ans the Politics.

Conclusion

Bibliography



Introduction

Catholic Church has always supported the resistance against the communist. It contributed to the fall down ofthe communist regime and it defended the Polish national identity. Each country is a single mix of History, culture and social caracteristics which create specifities in all fields. About religion, the specificity of Poland is due to its high level of declared reliogisity, Polish people who identifie themselves to catholicism and the religious homogeneity of the polish society. In fact, 90% ofthe Polish population is catholic and 50% of them go regularly to the church. In the resting 10%, one third belongs to religious minorities while the rest doesn't trust in any god. For people from very secular states as France which was during many centuries named "the old sister of Catholic Church", it's very difficult to understand the weight of Church in still very Catholic country in social andover all political field as in Spain, Italy and Poland for instance. Today, we have a new Poland, but access to democracy does not mean the transition to consumer society wild, even if the temples which are the Western supermarkets french, English, German, even if the large European shops have emerged on the Polish soil and sometimes inspire many afternoons in the Polish cities, the fact remainsthat the Polish population remains firmly committed to its faith.
Is this purely a nostalgic reminder of the past, that Poland has suffered so because of its difficult history? Is it cultural? Is it because Polish political parties use religion? Do Polish people follow Clergy in all its decisions ?
Poland is a catholic country and even if there are links between the political field and theChurch, Polish people have demonstrated that they of course think by themselves, they refuse to have fought during so many years against several dictators and lived against totalitarism to let Church dictates them what to do.

I) Poland : a very catholic country

A) how catholic faith has became a symbol of polish unity

The Warsaw Confederation of 28 January 1573, an important developmentin the history of Poland and Lithuania, is considered the formal beginning of religious freedom in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. While it did not prevent all conflict based on religion, it did make the Commonwealth a much safer and more tolerant place than most of contemporaneous European countries, especially during the subsequent Thirty Years' War.Religious life. In late 16th century,Poland, situated between Orthodox Muscovy, Muslim Ottoman Empire and Western Europe, torn between Reformation and Counter-Reformation, had exceptional character. This country became what Cardinal Stanislaus Hosius called “a place of shelter for heretics”. It was a place where the most radical religious sects, trying to escape persecution in other countries of the Christian world, found refuge. Allreligious sects in Poland enjoyed tolerance as such was the King’s will. The confederation officially legalized this situation and introduced the rule of peaceful co-existence for nobles of all denominations
Poland has often suffered from multiple invasions, even if the king Sobieski marked the Polish European power in that it managed to hunt Vienna and Europe from Turkish armies, the fact...
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