Foreign Direct Investment took a significant place in the phenomenon of globalization.
The relocation of industrial movements has taken on increased importance since the early 70s,and countries have set their focus on attracting FDI. They represent now the locomotive of economic growth and technology transfer North - South. The movements of economicliberalization in emerging countries have been accompanied by efforts to attract investment.
Some countries have succeeded brilliantly in their conquest of FDI as the South-East Asia andespecially China (2nd country receiving FDI in the world after the United States) while others remained at the margin of this "new frontier" of the global economy. These are mainly Africancountries.
These movements and these choices depend on location of course, several players involved in the phenomenon: the multinational firms (financial or industrial) and theUnited Nations. Each of them has these reasons and objectives. Generally have states that are courting the MNF seen the competition that has developed between countries in search ofsolution to boost their economies.
Thus, several theories attempt to explain this craze for FDI from the country but especially to understand the determinants of MNC offshoring. Indeed,outsourcing is a very specific aspect of foreign investment. His reasons, its determinants and its impact on the host economy are different from traditional forms of foreigninvestment. If international firms are generally attracted by the natural resources of the host country and the operation of its local market, the determinants of offshoring appear to be morecomplicated to collect. That's why we try in this work to identify the determinants of outsourcing, and then to see why some countries fail to be sufficiently attractive to MNCs.
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