Pride and Prejudice written by Jane Austen
Pride and prejudice was published in 1813 in anonymity because of Jane Austen's social status, which forbade her to be known as a writer. The title announces to some extent the criticism of the social behaviors in the English society in the XIXth century. That's why my review begins with an overview of historical context.Then two others subtler pointswill be brought out, the first one concerns the story, the characters, the main themes of the book, in the second I comment on an extract.
I – Overview about the author, her book and the context.
1.1) Georgian era, the England of the late eighteenth century and early nineteenth
This era includes the reign of four kings, George I to George IV and underwent major upheavals in the BritishEmpire. Indeed, the territory has been reduced due to the American war of Independence (1775-1783), who had lost thirteen Colonies. But his influence and his power were not affected by this loss since the other colonial empires were in difficulty, particularly France, defeated by the British and undergoes a regime change because of the failure of the Russian campaign conducted by Napoleon. In thiscontext arises the British empire which imposed its power and develop its industry.
As for customs, new values were affirmed by the revolutionary ideas that circulate in Europe.That's why revolts against slavery have emerged, but also the rise of feminism. And the topic of the status of women is very present in Jane Austen's novel, unlike other subjects that are not reflected in the everydaylife of the campaign described in Pride and Prejudice.
1.2) Biographical elements
It's in this context of profound changes that Jane Austen wrote. She was born in 1775 in a fairly wealthy family coming from Hampshire, England. Elements of her biography may clarify the choices of topics she deals with in her novels. Thus her social status is related to early English gentry to better understandtheir vision of a everyday life where life is not so difficult financially and where you can have access to education especially through books and the dream wedding without working. She then offers a vision of a world she knows, in the novel that results in entertainments as balls or meals for example. Her point of view of a young girl calls upon many female characters to speak, said to be theweaker sex that begins to assert itself in a society still dominated by men. Concerning his family, we know that her father was a clergyman, hence the caricatural character of Mr. Collins. She had six brothers and a sister, Cassandra Elizabeth whose she was very close. This relationship is reminiscent of Jane and Elizabeth in the novel, idea even more justified by the choice of first names. Finally,more generally on the education of girls and their condition, Jane Austen shows her point of view through her characters. While Darcy and her aunt embody the traditional idea of the woman, Elizabeth Bennet shows that a woman can get rid of codes to be quite "tolerable" and more. As for marriage, transcendental theme of the work, Jane Austen did not live it.
II – The story and themes
The Bennet family lives in Longbourn, small village in Hertfordshire. One day a wealthy man, Mr. Bingley, settled not far away, at Netherfield Park. Mrs. bennet despairs of meeting him in the hope that he married one of her five daughters. But the presence of his friend, Mr Darcy will complicate things, he applies specifically interfere with the budding romance between Jane Bennet, theeldest daughter Bennet and Mr Bingley. From meetings to balls, friendship turns into love, what frightens Mr. Darcy as Jane's shyness makes him believe she is playing with her friend and she will make him unhappy. To prevent this, Mr. Darcy, takes Mr. Bingley and his sisters away from Netherfield Park and therefore from Jane. This relationship is not the only one in the novel, three Bennet girls...
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