The ku klux klan

488 mots 2 pages
THE KU KLUX KLAN

The Ku Klux Klan (called sometimes « KKK » or « Klan ») has been created on December 24th 1865 after the defeat of southern American States in 1860-1861.
White organisation protestant of USA. It’s classified as an far right movement on the American policy chessboard. However has never belonged to a political party, but to an organisation of prohibition of traditionalist interests.
The Ku Klux Klan advocates the superiority of White people over other races, such as anti-semitism, anti-catholicism and homophobia. Therefore, urges a racist and homophobic point of view.
The first Klan was born in the South in the 1860’s, then died out by the early 1870’s.
It reborns during World War 2nd, but it has been changed into a legal and cultural association, gathering every white Anglo-Saxons American.
Etymology: kuklos (circle, ring)
Entitled by James R.Crowe and Scottish co-fondator John C. Lester, who chooses to add « Klan »
First Ku Klux Klan : As a secret group, the Klan focused its anger on Radical Republicans and aimed at to restoring white supremacy by threats and violence, including murders, against Black and White Republicans. Each member has to answer a list of questions to prove he shares the same opinions. The name of KKK was inspired of students fraternity. Franc maçonnerie. Albert Pike may have been an important character of KKK. Forrest (old officer, chosen as leader in 1807) destroyed the Klan in 1869. Some local groups took part in attacks on private houses, and carried out other violent activities. Murder of John Stephens (republican senator) = law against KKK voted. Officially forbidden in 1877. Birth of other organisations such as White League, Shot Gun.
Second Ku Klux Klan: 1915-1944 Book the Clansmann (Thomas Dixon) 1906, cinematographic adaptation by David Wark Griffith : The Birth of a Nation = KKK’s reborn. Very different from the first KKK. American values. Authentic America. President Wilson. Patriotism. 1920=

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