Conflict modelling between groups of players in conservation of natural resources – the canadian boreal forest

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  • Publié le : 14 février 2010
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Canada territory encompasses approximately 574 million hectares of boreal forest. Number of environmentalists, governments, autochthones and non-autochthones communities, financial institutions,resource-based companies involve in conservation of Boreal forest. Forest ecosystem produces economic benefits for nation and for communities who lived in harmony in the vicinity. However, the unspoiledforest is subject to forthcoming changes to mining development, oil and gas, hydroelectric developments and industrial logging. Despite the fruitfulness of those economic activities and even theyrepresent lifeblood of Canadian economy, multiple conflicts are engendered among groups and caused a difficulty of environmental conservation. In addition, forest declination causes serious problems. Itpushes wildlife toward extinction and also threatens the cultures of Autochthones; for example, in order to launch economic activities, 290,000 ha of forest cut down in Quebec, 185,000 ha in Ontario and67,000 ha of forest in Alberta every year.
Protecting the integrity of the boreal region over the long term is key to the sustainability and well-being of the Canada’s Aboriginal communities whohave lived in harmony with the Boreal for thousands of years. Their activities depend principally on four sectors: subsistence activities, trade of renewable resources, employ with fixed salary in thelocal firma and fixed salary in industries. These differences distinguish the communities’ revenues, leading to the divergence and discrepancy with interest of protection of environment.

Formationof groups of coalition is unavoidable which depends to social factors and socioeconomically interests. We assume that two options are available for population: environmentally friendly option which isready to pay the cost of the conservation and irrational group of players, who are selfish. The latter leads to non-cooperation, in which individual tempt to obtain more than others that is...