Innovation enirlande

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International Experience: Government support for universities-industry cooperation
Dr Ellen Hazelkorn Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland OECD Workshop Tomsk State University October 2006

‘...research should be geared to the need for innovation and be relevant to the problems of the wider society. This requires, for example, suitable policies for knowledge and technology transfer, andresearch funding systems that are linked to these outcomes.’ (Meeting of OECD Education Ministers, June 2006)


The ‘Triple Helix’ Examples of Government Initiatives Supporting University-Industry Links



Improving Industry-University Relationships


The ‘Triple Helix’

Why encourage greater universityindustry linkage?
To contribute to job and wealth creationTo generate higher levels of sustainable growth To promote enterprise, innovation and increased productivity

Role of Government in Porter’s Diamond
Institutional Strategy Chance
Policy decisions taken, and management and organisational structures

Demand Conditions Factor Conditions
Institutional infrastructure, research competence Relevance and interest in research and academic outputsRegional/(inter)national Relations
Adapted from Curran (2000)

Govern ment

Connectedness and participation in external collaborative and competitive environment

Triple Helix
Transformation of knowledge into wealth requires tripartite collaboration or triple helix:
Network between university/researchers-industry-government Each element recognises the mutual benefit of suchco-operation Evolving networks of communication

Boundaries between public and private, science and technology, university and industry are in flux Universities and firms assuming tasks formerly the province of the other sectors

2. Examples of Government Initiatives Supporting UniversityIndustry Links

HE as Engine of Development
Educational Potential CPD – Continuing Professional Developmentprogrammes Bespoke Programmes In-house training Knowledge Transfer and Consulting Contract Research Exploitation of Research Patenting/licensing Spin-out and Start-up companies Spin-in companies Co-operation with existing companies

UK Strategies for Innovation
University Challenge Seed Fund, 1999
to support collaborative research to provide finance for brining research to point ofcommercialisation £60m allocated to date to 57 universities

Knowledge Transfer Partnerships
UK’s premier technology-knowledge transfer programme Assist young graduates by providing high level training £110,000 per project, 70% paid by government 2004/5, £85m total spent (government + companies)

UK HEI Contribution to Economic Development * (% HEIs)
England Area of activity Access to education Researchcollaboration with industry Meeting regional skills needs Technology transfer Supporting SMEs Meeting national skills needs Developing local partnerships Attracting non-local students to the region Graduate retention in local region Support for community development Attracting inward investment to region Spin-off activity Management development Strategic analysis of regional economy
Respondentswere asked to select the top three areas of economic impact HEFCE, Higher education-business and community interaction survey, 2006

Northern Ireland 50% 0% 50% 100% 50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 50% 0% 0%

Scotland 79% 26% 11% 53% 5% 21% 26% 16% 21% 16% 5% 11% 0% 11%

Wales 62% 38% 38% 38% 31% 15% 8% 8% 23% 31% 0% 8% 0% 0%

UK 59% 37% 35% 34% 30% 27% 19% 16% 16% 13% 5% 4% 2% 1%

55% 38% 38% 30%34% 30% 19% 18% 15% 12% 5% 2% 3% 0%

Scottish Enterprise
Intermediate Technology Institutes Enterprise Fellowships Proof of Concept Schemes Smart Awards Spur Awards SEEKIT

Canada – Foundation for Innovation
Independent corporation created in 1997, with $3.65b, to fund research infrastructure:
transform the way research is done; create a strong and vibrant research environment across...