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Alcohol and drug abuse in the workplace in France

This study explored alcohol and drug abuses in the workplace in France. In fact, alcohol and drug consumption in the workplace make itself commonplace. It’s not a minor business problem and it’s a really risk to the company and its employees. Its affects both white collar and blue collar employees and both sexes. Most companies havedeveloped approaches for dealing with this problem, this dilemma. Given the scope of this problem, it’s important to clearly understand, how company deal with this social problem? What are the causes and the effect in the productivity? Thus this paper will examine the environment of the alcohol and drug abuse, although the present situation in France, and then the study in this abuses in theworkplace. The tools pointed up by the companies to confront this problem will follow this.

According to a French magazine (Vergara. 2006) 62 % of companies are confronted with alcohol problems. Other studies show that the custom of hard drugs develops a worrying current situation.
It is a reality remained for a long time taboo. The alcohol and, more and more, the drugs are anintegral part of the work. So much that companies, disarmed in front of this problem, worry about it. For the first time, the national Institute of prevention and educational for the health led two inquiries: the one with the human resources managers of a sample of companies, the other one with the employees. Result, 62 % of companies has bound alcohol problems its employees. For a very good reason, anemployee on ten (11 %) admits to drink regularly some alcohol at work except the traditional jars and the meals.
Those acts have important consequences like occupational accidents, absenteeism, relational problems, and decline of the productivity… Even if Human Resources Managers are aware that alcohol consumption at work is a serious problem, 69 % of companies have never led a preventioninitiative. The law supervises but does not forbid the alcohol consumption within the company.

Key words
Alcohol drinking and drug abuses, workplace, productivity, efficiency, risks, prevention, control, France…

1. Alcohol and drug consumption in France

1.1 The current situation.
Alcohol drinking in France is anchored in cultural traditions. Indeed if we analyze a meal, there is generally an“aperitif” before the meal, food is naturally accompanied with wine and it is not rare that you have a “digestif” at the end of the meal.
According to Nathalie Geraldine Ormrod (2009), alcohol drinking kills 45, 000 French on average per year. It is the second cause of death in France. Up to half of French population admit know a person experiencing drinking problems and 38 per cent have sufferedfrom a relative’s drinking. We can notice there is a problem with young people. The number of under-25 hospitalized because of excessive drunkenness has doubled between 2004 and 2007 even if the French government tried to restrict alcohol access to the youth.
However alcohol purchasing has shown a continued decrease over the past decades, passing from 12,4 percent in 1960 to 8,9 percent in 2002.The alcohol consumption decreased from 26 liters in 1961 to 12,9 in 2006.
Drinking remains intrinsically linked to food intake in France and many drinkers relate their alcohol intake to their cultural heritage their familial traditions. Males explain their relation to alcohol because of their national and regional values and their virility when, females explain it by freedom of choice and youth byescapism.
Drug consumption increased strongly the last decade. There are 3,9 millions of consumers of cannabis and 1,2 do it regularly. The mains consumers are the youth with 40 per cent of consumers and more particularly the boy (80 per cent). At 16 years old, French are the first consumer in Europe.
Cocaine is not anymore the drug of “hype people”. It touches everybody in the population....