Aboriginals are the first Australians. In 1788 there were around a million aboriginals in Australia and over 200 different spoken languages.
They are estimated to have populated Australia for around 50,000 years. They represent 3% of the Australian population.
They were not considered human, were used as slaves, and in the first years of colonization could be legally killed without reason.
I. ABORIGINAL’S RELIGION AND BELIEFS
As children grow up they endured a variety of rituals of passage which initiate them into adulthood. For example, girls would be ritually decorated, and subject to partial seclusion or food taboos and boys would be subjected to practices such as, circumcision or tooth pulling
The existence of totems was also important to the aboriginal world view. The representation of mythic people is meant to access the spiritual powers of the Dreaming.
Aboriginal religion, like other religions, is characterised by having a god or gods who created people and the environment during a particular creation period at the beginning of time. Aboriginal people are very religious and spiritual, but rather than praying to a single god they cannot see, each group generally believes in a number of different gods, whose image is often represented in some touch, recognisable form. This form may be that of a particular landscape element, an image in a rock art shelter, or in a plant or animal form.
Aboriginal people don’t believe in animism. This is the conviction that all natural objects possess a soul. They don’t believe that a rock possesses a soul, but they could believe that a particular rock was created by a particular god in the creation period, or that it represents a god from the Creation Period. They believe that many animals and plants are interchangeable with human life through re-incarnation of the spirit or soul, and that this relates back to the Creation Period when these animals and plants were once people.
II. THE STOLEN