Environement economique et social des etats unis anglais

6521 mots 27 pages
ENVIRONNEMENT ECONOMIQUE ET SOCIAL AUX ETATS UNIS

Bibliographie

Daniel Boorstin Histoire des Américains, coll. Bouquins, Laffont, Paris, 1991
Emmanuel Todd, 2ème de la biblio
Galbraith , Economie Hétérodoxe, Seuil, 2007

1960s
- Background
- Protest Movements
 A short description of the movements
 Understanding their significance
- The Vietnam War
- The end of the Gold Standard
1950S: Period of stability and prosperity in the US and a certain comfort of life, as opposed to a period of high tensions. We can see a shift in the period, this also applies to the economy.

Demography
From 1950 to 1960, increase in population from 151 684 M to 180 671 (+19%). Very fast increase.
The consequence: a rapidly increasing young population, baby boom. Demographic expansion.
It is reinforced by objective factors, demographic expansion produces economic growth.
Comparison: 1930s: +7.2% 1940s: +14.5%
The 1950s: record in a context when already the US has very high demographic expansion compared to European countries.
The expansion of the population also coincides with a rapid shift in urbanization. But more a suburbanization. The American population is living more and more in cities but not in the center of cities.

Corporate gigantism and Economic preeminence
In the 1950s GM had a turnover that was only a little inferior than the French National Budget. Its sales represented more than the combined resources of the states of NT, NJ, Pen, Ohio, Delaware and all 6 states of New England.
The 0.1 top percent companies (30 corporations) represented:
- 1/3 of added value
- 25% of workers
- 1/3 of all salaries
- 40% of all investment

We’re looking at a strong oligopolistic situation.
In the tobacco market: 4 companies, auto market: 3 companies, soap market: 3 companies (essentially).
These oligopolistic situations produced the standard effect is reduced competition, unspoken price fixing.

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