The Research Process 3
The Assignment 3
Thesis Statement 3
Source Material 5
Evaluating Sources 5
Evaluating Sources (continued) 6
Using your Sources Efficiently 6
Saving Time 6
Making Notes 6
Synthesis of Ideas 7
What is Plagiarism? 8
Examples of Plagiarism 8
Documentation of Sources 10
Print Sources 11
Internet Sites 11
In-Text Citation 11
Documentation of Sources 12
General Rules for Inserting Quotations 12
General Rules for Footnotes or Endnotes 14
Examples of Footnotes or Endnotes 14
Book by One Author 14
Book by Two Authors 14
Book with No Author Given 14
Book with an Editor rather than an Author 14
Work in aCollection by Various Authors 14
Work Quoted in Another Work 15
A Play 15
Encyclopedia Article (Electronic) 15
Encyclopedia Article (Print) 15
Government Publication 15
Magazine or Newspaper Article (Print or Electronic) 15
Magazine or Newspaper Article (Print or Electronic) Continued 16
Video or Film 16
Review: Book, Film, Performance 16Internet Sources 16
Setting up an Endnotes Page 17
Sample Endnotes Page 18
Documentation of Sources 19
General Rules for Bibliography 19
Examples of Bibliography Entries 20
Book by One Author 20
Book by Two Authors 20
Book with an Author and an Editor 20
Book with No Author Given 20
Book with an Editor rather than an Author 20
Work in a collection byVarious Authors 20
Work Quoted in another Work 20
A Play 20
Encyclopedia Article (Electronic) 20
Encyclopedia Article (Electronic) Continued 21
Encyclopedia Article (Print) 21
Government Publication 21
Magazine or Newspaper Article (Print or Electronic) 21
Video or Film 21
Review: Book, Film, Performance 22
Internet Sources 22Sample Bibliography 23
The Finished Essay 24
General Rules For Setting Up The Essay 24
Setting up the Title Page 24
Sample Title Page 25
Before you hand the essay in! 26
The Research Process
• Read the assignment: ask for clarification if you are confused about the meaning of any of the instructions or questions.
• What different sources willyou be expected to access?
• What will the final product be?
• How long will the final product be?
• When is the final product due?
• Think about the topic. What do you know already? Who will you be writing for? List your ideas.
• Do some preliminary research – go to an encyclopedia and find out some basic information about your topic. Make a few notes of areas thatinterest you: for example, if you are writing an essay on the Korean War, you might want to find out about the contributions of UN countries other than the U.S., Canada, or Great Britain.
• Check to see if there are books or articles available on your topic in the school library, or the public library. What other resources can you access? Can you interview an eyewitness? Can you visit an Embassy?Will you be able to view a TV documentary?
• Make a “working” (tentative) thesis statement.
The simplest definition of a thesis statement is: A statement of the purpose of the essay or study. What will you prove through your research and writing?
These are the two most important aspects of a thesis statement:
• It is arguable – there are at least two points ofdiscussion, and there may be more than two.
• It can be researched – there are resources that you can consult in order to reach your conclusions.
To create a thesis statement:
• Look at the topics suggested by the teacher. Often there is a thesis implied by the topic itself. I.e. “Investigate the purpose and results of anti-Semitic propaganda used by the Nazi Party.” This topic...
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