Gun violence in the United States
Across America, firearms are fast becoming a must-have accessory (“I’m girlie about my gun. I chose it because it’s beautiful and I like it on show” said a 24 girl.)But is this fear of serious crime justified or a sign of a society in the grip of intense paranoia ? There are an estimated 200 million privately owned guns in the US. Despite the pro-gunners’ fears,they’re not going to be taken away anytime soon. Even the Brady Campaign doesn’t advocate an outright ban – just more safety checks and controls. Handguns have been almost completely outlawed in the UK since 1997, but such a law is unlikely to be passed in the States. Firearms are responsible of about 30 000 deaths in the US, because of a suicide or a murder, and nine children died because offirearms.
The U.S. Constitution contains 27 amendments and the II amendment makes the carrying of weapons legally "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed."
This amendment allows U.S. citizens to freely hold one or more weapons and use them just as freely.
…but there are still restrictions.Firstly in 1911, the State of New York passes a law to control.
But the most important law is the Brady bill passed in 1994. It limits the possession of firearms by criminals and former requires a check of criminal and psychiatric history when purchasing a new weapon . thus allows to limit the crimes offenders.
In addition, different states of the United States increasingly are trying tolimit the purchase of weapons: indeed there are 11 major federal laws.
But US is a real consumer of weapons
Gun violence is an intensely debated political issue in the United States. Gun related violence is most common in poor urban areas and in conjunction with gang violence. Gun violence is not new in the United States, with the assassinations of President Abraham Lincoln in 1865, PresidentsJames Garfield, William McKinley, and John F. Kennedy. High profile gun violence incidents, such as the assassinations of Robert F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., and, more recently, the Columbine High School massacre, the Beltway sniper attacks, and the Virginia Tech massacre, have also fueled debate over gun policies. School shootings like those at Columbine in 1999, and at Virginia Tech in 2007in which 32 people died, made many people question the right to bear arms. It also inspired film-maker Michael Moore to make his documentary Bowling for Columbine, investigating America’s love affair with firearms.
The past ten years have, in fact, seen crime rates plummet across the country. People are convinced crime has increased –74 per cent said crime was getting worse.
Open carry in theUnited States
Open carry is the act of publicly carrying a firearm in plain sight.
Plain sight is broadly defined as not being hidden from common observation; varies somewhat from state to state.In the United States, open carry is shorthand terminology for "openly carrying a firearm in public", as distinguished from concealed carry, where firearms cannot be seen by the casual observer.Thepractice of open carry, where gun owners openly carry firearms while they go about their daily business, has seen an increase in the U.S. in recent years. In the last decade, this has been marked by an number of organized events intended to increase the visibility of open carry and public awareness about the practice. Critics of open carry, on the other hand, have raised concerns about right-wingextremism and the threat of armed revolt against the U.S. government.Encouraged by groups like OpenCarry.org, GeorgiaCarry.org and some participants of the Free State Project, open carry has seen a revival in recent years. As of 2010, it is not yet clear if this represents a sea change, or just a short-term trend.Open carry is legal in 43 states, but the different rules are so mind-boggling that you...
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