prostitution

Pages: 5 (1212 mots) Publié le: 15 septembre 2014
Prostitution
Prostitutes play a central role in nineteenth-century French fiction, especially of the realistic and naturalistic kind. Both widely available and largely visible in nineteenth-century France, prostitutes inspired many negative stereotypes. But, as the very product of the culture that marginalized her, the prostitute offered an ideal vehicle for writers to criticize the hypocrisyof bourgeois mores. The socially stratified world of prostitutes, ranging from low-ranking sex workers to high-class courtesans, presents a fascinating microcosm of French society as a whole. We will read selections from Honoré de Balzac, Splendeur et misère des courtisanes; Victor Hugo, Les Misérables; and Gustave Flaubert, L’éducation sentimentale; as well as Boule-de-Suif and other stories byGuy de Maupassant; La fille Elisa by Edmond de Goncourt; Nana by Emile Zola; Marthe by Joris-Karl Huysmans; La dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas fils; and extracts from Du côté de chez Swann by Marcel Proust. Additional readings will be drawn from the fields of history (Alain Corbin, Michelle Perrot) and critical theory (Walter Benjamin, Michel Foucault, Julia Kristeva). We will also discussvisual representations of prostitutes in nineteenth-century French art (Gavarni, Daumier, C. Guys, Degas, Manet, Toulouse-Lautrec). Conducted in French. Requisite: One of the following- French 07, 08, 11, 12 or equivalent. Spring semester. Professor Katsaros.

Maybe visual representions in 19th century art. Comparez les représentations des prostituées chez les peintres impressionnistes: Degas,Manet, Toulouse-Lautrec.
IMPORTANT
1. Why did they choose prostitutes? What was the thematic significance? Why did they dominate the French lit( give egs other than bibliographie)? What was the complex allure?
2. What were the general polysemiques representations of prostitutes in their work? Where they clichés or were they archetype? Hw were they different from the traditional image of thecourtisane? Vilified or glamorized?
Economically,Socially
3. What kaleidoscopic vision do the authors try to present to the readers of the French society through the lens of a prostitutes life? What was the hypocrisy of the bourgeoisie? What was the irony?
4. Utilite? How an ideal vehicle for writers to criticize the society?Baudlaire says incarne « la sauvagerie dans la civilisation »
5.Sexuality of these women_-why was it tantalizing and threatening at the same time ? what does it signify ? what was the male fascination and disgust with the female body
6. Martyrdom ( virtue in the presentation of vice)
7. Rhetoric of their disease- how and why did they assosciate the female body with death, disease and decay?
8.


Bibliography
Honoré de Balzac, Splendeur et misère descourtisanes;
Victor Hugo, Les Misérables
Boule-de-Suif and other stories by Guy de Maupassant;
La fille Elisa by Edmond de Goncourt;
Nana by Emile Zola; Marthe by Joris-Karl Huysmans;
La dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas
Important links
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1771554?uid=3738016&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21104593292707
forbeginning-http://www.lemonde.fr/livres/article/2013/12/03/la-prostitution-a-travers-les-arts-la-litterature-chapitre-5_3524765_3260.html
http://fr.slideshare.net/kebudayaan_agama/histoire-dune-fille-de-ferme?related=1
http://devhist.hypotheses.org/238

Juliette Vion-Dury, Destinées féminines dans le contexte du naturalisme européen, Éditions Sedes,‎ 2008, p. 37
Robert S. April, « La Mort de Nana : la petite vérole et la maladie infectieuse au temps deZola », Excavatio, 2005, no 20 (1-2), p. 163-75.



Critique de la bourgeoisie
Boule de suif
Enfin, le fait que Boule de Suif, la prostituée, soit présentée par les « honnêtes femmes » comme une « honte publique » mais que parallèlement, elle soit la seule suscitant la sympathie du lecteur, du fait d’une description élogieuse et d’un comportement exemplaire (solidarité avec les autres dans le...
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