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For the film of the same name, see Tartuffe (film)
|19th-century costume design |
|Written by|Molière |
|Date premiered |1664 |
|Original language |French |
|Genre |Comedy |
|Setting |Orgon's house in Paris, 1660s. |Tartuffe (full title: Tartuffe, or the Impostor, French: Tartuffe, ou l'Imposteur) is a comedy by Molière. It is his most famous play.
|1 History |
|2 Main characters |
|3Plot synopsis |
|4 Controversy surrounding the play |
|5 Production history |
|6 Adaptations |
|6.1 Film |
|6.2 Television |
|7 In popular culture |
|8 References |
|9 Sources |
|10 External links |
It was written and first performed in 1664 at thefêtes held at Versailles and was almost immediately censored by King Louis XIV, probably due to the influence of the archbishop of Paris, Paul Philippe Hardouin de Beaumont de Péréfixe, who was his confessor and had been his tutor.. While the king had little interest in suppressing the play, he eventually did so because, as stated in the official account of the fête:
"...although it wasfound to be extremely diverting, the king recognized so much conformity between those that a true devotion leads on the path to heaven and those that a vain ostentation of some good works does not prevent from committing some bad ones, that his extreme delicacy to religious matters can not suffer this resemblance of vice to virtue, which could be mistaken for each other; although one does not doubtthe good intentions of the author, even so he forbids it in public, and deprived himself of this pleasure, in order not to allow it to be abused by others, less capable of making a just discernment of it."
 As a result of Molière's play, the word "tartuffe" is used in contemporary French and English to designate a hypocrite who ostensibly and exaggeratedly feigns virtue, especially religiousvirtue. The entire play is written in 1,962 twelve-syllable lines (alexandrines) of rhyming couplets.
 Main characters
|Character |Description |
|Tartuffe |Orgon's houseguest and a hypocrite |
|MadamePernelle |Orgon's mother |
|Orgon |head of the house and husband of Elmire |
|Elmire |Orgon's wife and object of Tartuffe's lust |
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