This morning, I’m going to talk about the Commonwealth of Australia commonly known as Australia.
It takes 22 hours by plane to get there from Paris. Located at 16 965 km from France, Australia is an all adventures land. From sea horizons to the bush immensity, this supersized country offers a challenge for gold seekers, crocodiles andthunder-storm hunters (in Darwin), surfers and travelers.
Why the lucky country : Back in the 60's an Australian author, Donald Horne, described Australia as being "the lucky country". This became the title of his book. Horne was describing a country that at the time was mired in its past and was basically making stupid choices, not really thinking for itself. The term was meant to be ironic. Inthe years following publication "the lucky country", became part of the Australian language and was used in all kinds of contexts, usually far from its original meaning. In fact with 15 years of extraordinary economic growth and an economy that has weathered at many extremes - people are starting to believe Australia really is the lucky country.
Coat of arms: The official symbol of Australia is theCoat of Arms (armoirie) - formally known as Commonwealth Coat of Arms.
The shield (blazon) is the focal point of it. Within are contained the badges of the Australian states. They are a reminder that they were still British colonies at the time of the adoption of flags in 1901.
In the top half, from left to right, the states represented are:
A. New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland.In the bottom half, from left to right :
B. South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania.
Above the shield is the seven-pointed 'Commonwealth Star' or ‘Federation Star'. 6 of the points on the star represent an original state, and the last one is representing the 2 combinated territories of Australia.
The Red Kangaroo and the Emu that support the shield are the unofficial animal emblems ofthe nation. It is often claimed (revendiqué) these animals were chosen because neither animal can move backward, only forward - progress. In reality both animals can move backwards, but infrequently do.
In the background is the wreath of Golden Wattle (A l’arrière-plan se trouve la couronne de mimosa), the official national floral emblem. At the bottom, the scroll (rouleau) contains the name ofthe nation.
General presentation: My expose will be divided into 8 parts.
1. First I’d like to give you an overview of the country,
2. Second I’ll move on to Geography part,
3. The next part will be History,
4. Followed by Monarchy and political system,
5. Then we will focus on the transportations,
6. We will turn our attention to the economic situation and the foreigntrade,
7. Then we will consider the fairs and exhibitions
8. And finally the conclusion.
So let’s start with….
Overview of the country
Member of : Australia is a member of the world’s leading organizations such as the United Nations, G-20 group of major economies, the Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, APEC, OECD, the WTO and many others organizations.
Capital city : Canberra was purposelybuilt to be the capital of Australia. It is conveniently located midway between Sydney and Melbourne.
Unemployment rate : 4.2% is almost a situation of full employment.
Religions : Catholic 25.8%, Anglican 18.7%, Uniting Church 5.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 3%, and other minorities (Eastern Orthodox 2.7%, other Christian 7.9%, Buddhist 2.1%, Muslim 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 11.3%, none 18.7%)It is a Multicultural society.
Language English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7%
Now, let’s move on to…..
Flag The Australian Flag is blue with “The Union Jack” which shows the link between the UK and the Commonwealth Star. On the fly half is a representation of the Southern Cross constellation in white...