Beckett - le temps

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Hispanics have always been associated with America. We can easily trace this American-Spanish heritage in such city names as San Francisco, Los Angeles. As for food, people in the streets eat hamburgers and donuts as readily as tostada or tacos.
When we look back, we see how Spain and Mexico played a key role in the making of America: Florida was ceded by Spain in 1819; Texas and parts ofNew Mexico were annexed in 1845; California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona and parts of Colorado were ceded by Mexico in 1848.
The word “Hispanic” is a catchall term applying to very different people. They are dissimilar in their national origins, their races, their social milieu and status in the US: they can be Puerto-Ricans, Carribeans from the West Indies (Cuba, The Dominican Republic, Barbados,Jamaica, Haiti, and Trinidad), and Chicanos from Mexico or Latin Americans (Colombians, Ecuadorians, Nicaraguans...). They are white, black, Indian or of very mixed ancestry. Puerto-Ricans are US citizens from birth, so they are legal immigrants whereas other Hispanics have to apply for American citizenship. Illegal undocumented Chicanos who cross the Rio Grande on foot to work in the US are referredto as the Wetbacks.

Some Hispanics are well-to-do and qualified professionals like the Cubans fleeing the Communist regime of Fidel Castro or the South American dictatorships. The US thus benefits from a world-wide brain drain. Other Hispanics are poor, unskilled Mexican fruit pickers. Others easily work their way up into the American society, like the Cubans (called “super achievers” orYuccas, Young Urban Cuban Americans) while others live below the poverty line, suffer from juvenile delinquency, poor educational opportunities and unemployment. Their dream of going back to their home often slows their integration into American society.
As for the illegal Hispanics, they live outside cities in “Little Mexicos” or “barrios”. There is little chance of their learning Englishor getting a minimal education in these ghettos. They are victims of an economic and social segregation and are always under the threat of deportation to Mexico.

But for all the Hispanics’ diversity they share some characteristics: they are a predominantly young, fertile population, now the largest American minority, outnumbering all other minorities, Blacks included. They mainly live inCalifornia, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and South Florida. They have largely become an urban population, even if they originated from rural areas. They speak Spanish and are mostly Roman Catholics. They share an attachment to family life and similar cultural roots.
Like other immigrants they have encountered discrimination and they have found companionship and security in very large Hispaniccommunities. Puerto-Ricans still mainly live in New York (cf West Side Story) in the South Bronx or in Manhattan’s Spanish Harlem. Hispanics have sometimes experienced clashes with other minorities. Many Hispanics have set up their own businesses, from restaurants and sweatshops to Spanish-speaking newspapers or Spanish TV networks.


1. Read the following article carefully.

2. Yourtask will consist in explaining orally:
-the consequences of History on America’s geography and food habits today (some dates should be mentioned)
-what / who the word “Hispanic” refers to.
-the diversity of Hispanics (legal / illegal, skin colour...)

NB: DO NOT REPEAT THE TEXT →REPHRASE! + BE CLEAR enough as you talk, so the other groups can understand what you say + MAINTAIN EYECONTACT with THE AUDIENCE during your presentation. You may use the board to write difficult / new words.


Listen to your friends and answer the following questions:


1. Read the following article carefully.

2. Your task will consist in explaining orally:
-the differences in social success and achievements for legal Hispanics (giving examples)...
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