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Peace Operations Training Institute

AN INTRODUCTION THE THE UN SYSTEM: ORIENTATION FOR SERVING ON A UN FIELD MISSION
Course Author Lt. Col. (Retired) Christian Hårleman Series Editor Harvey J. Langholtz, Ph.D.

© 2008 Peace Operations Training Institute

AN INTRODUCTION THE THE UN SYSTEM: ORIENTATION FOR SERVING ON A UN FIELD MISSION
Course Author Lt. Col. (Retired) Christian HårlemanSeries Editor Harvey J. Langholtz, Ph.D.

Peace Operations Training Institute

© 2008 Peace Operations Training Institute Peace Operations Training Institute 1309 Jamestown Road, Suite 202 Williamsburg, VA 23185 USA www.peaceopstraining.org

First edition: 2001 Updated and revised: October 2003 Cover: UN Photo #108581 by Joao Araujo Pinto The material contained herein does not necessarilyreflect the views of the Peace Operations Training Institute, the Course Author(s), or any United Nations organs or affiliated organizations. Although every effort has been made to verify the contents of this course, the Peace Operations Training Institute and the Course Author(s) disclaim any and all responsibility for facts and opinions contained in the text, which have been assimilated largelyfrom open media and other independent sources. This course was written to be a pedagogical and teaching document, consistent with existing UN policy and doctrine, but this course does not establish or promulgate doctrine. Only officially vetted and approved UN documents may establish or promulgate UN policy or doctrine. Information with diametrically opposing views is sometimes provided on giventopics, in order to stimulate scholarly interest, and is in keeping with the norms of pure and free academic pursuit.

An Introduction to the UN System: Orientation for Serving on a UN Field Mission

TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents ................................................................................ iii Foreword.............................................................................................. vi Introduction ........................................................................................ vii Format of Study................................................................................... ix Method of Study ................................................................................... x

Section I: The Overall Framework Lesson 1: The Task andthe Task Organization ................................ 1
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 • Lesson Objectives with Key Questions • Introduction The Charter of the United Nations – An Introduction Purposes and Principles of the United Nations Legal Principles Financial Principles – Budget of the United Nations The United Nations System Achievements – Some Basic Facts • Learning Questions with End-of-LessonQuiz

Lesson 2: The Principal Organs of the United Nations ..................17
• Lesson Objectives with Key Questions • Introduction 2.1 General Assembly 2.2 Security Council 2.3 Economic and Social Council 2.4 Trusteeship Council 2.5 International Court of Justice 2.6 Secretariat and the Secretary-General 2.7 Peacebuilding Commission • Learning Questions with End-of-Lesson Quiz

iii Section II: The Operational Framework Lesson 3: The United Nations’ Role in Maintaining Peace and Security .......................................................................35
• Lesson Objectives with Key Questions • Introduction 3.1 Political Context 3.2 The Key Concepts of an Interrelated System with Various Mechanisms for Response 3.3 Universal Principles Guiding Peacekeeping Operations 3.4Organizational Structure and Main Functions 3.5 Types of Peace Operations 3.6 Planning and Preparation 3.7 Management Responsibilities 3.8 Peacekeeping Partnership • Learning Questions with End-of-Lesson Quiz

Lesson 4: The Roles of the United Nations in the Fields of Development and Related Humanitarian Actions ........55
• Lesson Objectives with Key Questions • Introduction 4.1 The...
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