Topic: International Mediation – The Kosovo Case –
Marti Ahtisaari Negotiation
Flintoaca - Marinescu Angelica Helena Sara Barbieri
Connected Prof: Dusan Janjic
Serbia. Kosovo and the EU. Readjusting Policies and Institutions from the Perspectiveof Inclusion
Nation State, Diversity and Self-Determination; Stimulation of a UN Security Council Discussion
In 1999 I visited Serbia on the occasion of a scholarship granted by the University of Bucharest. We were a group of 11 students, coming from Romania. The moment we arrived in Belgrade we found out that we were denied access to the city, as considered notsafe for us due to the situation the country was facing – the announced military intervention from the part of the UN forces, so we were sent to Novi Sad.
The image of the trains with bullets signs on them in the railway station of Belgrade didn t help to calm us down, so we arrived at Novi Sad rather worried and had to wait, under growing tension for some of us, the US decision regarding the daywhen the bombarments would start. Fortunately the UN decided to postpone the intervention by two weeks and we could enjoy our permanence in Serbia.
We could see from our window the long convoys of KFOR, but nobody seemed preoccupied by them, so we just started ignoring them after a few days. I remember that the worst thing was to hear about the destruction of the bridges over Danube in NoviSad, because we used to cross them to go visit the old part of the city.
We were studying Serbian history at that time, learning about Kosovo polje, the Metohija monuments and once I dared to say this in a discussion with an English official, who explained to me in a quite eloquent manner about the horrible tresspassing of the human rights of the Albanian people in Kosovo.
The occasion of sharingthe same room with a young Serbian girl and the classes with some Kosovan girls during the Summer School of Cervia was a good opportunity to reopen such a „dangerous” argument and try to find more about the situation.
Kosovo - The Pandora Box or the Domino effect1
The Kosovo situation kept the interest of the international community awake for many years, and the way it evolved (the attrocitiesagainst the Albanian population during Milosevic regime, the intervention of NATO forces and the bombardment of the Serbian state), until the recent declaration of independence poses many questions both at the level of international law reagulations and provisions and at the level of political relations and realities at the beginning of the 21st century.
Is Kosovo a ”unique case”2, as SpecialUN envoy Marti Ahtisaari affirmed, or is only the prelude for other secessionist situations, as Russian President at the time, Vladimir Putin, stated in september 2006: ”the world must apply the same standards to the separatist Georgian regions of South Ossetia and Abhazia as it does to the Serbian province of Kosovo”.
1 „Now...the Pandora Box is open and everything is on the table”(www.kosovocompromise.com/cms/item/analysis/en.html )
And it looks like with Georgia secessionist problems coming back on the international arena, many political figures point out at the predicted precedent that Kosovo represents, and we don t have to
look farther than at the main journal s head titles: The Kosovo precedent3, Kosovo prelude to Georgia 4, Kosovo 1999 to Georgia 2008 5, Why Kosovomatters in Georgia 6 .
KOSOVO AS A PREY
The impression that Kosovo leaves is that it has been some kind of a ”prey” for the international major political players, and also for the media and international bodies ever since the escalation of conflict in 1998, passing through the NATO miltary company in FRY, the UN Administrative and NATO presence that followed, United Interim Administration...