Indus School Apologetics Textbook - 001A1An Introduction ToChristian Apologetics | Chapter -- 1Introduction ToChristian ApologeticsThe word "apologetics" confuses many into thinking that it refers to some kind of apologizing. Actually this word is not derived from the English world "apology", but from the Greek word "apologia", which is a word referring to "making a defense". Apologetics is a general term, signifying a formal defense of any kind. On the other hand, Christian Apologetics is that branch of Christian theology that answers the question "is Christianity believable". In the past four centuries, all kinds of religious and spiritual beliefs have come under intense attack at the hands of radical philosophers and critics. Of this assault, the Christian faith has received the major portion because of a number of historical reasons so of which will be mentioned later. These criticisms against the Christian faith have received so much media coverage that even a good number of well informed non Christians are aware of some of the major charges labeled against the Christian faith. Interestingly, books published against the Christian faith and sold from secular shops become bestsellers even in countries where the buyers are not Christians. Today all around us there is an atmosphere where criticism of Bible and related subjects is widespread. Most of the Christian students have to face these attacks from other students in some form or other. It is quite common to meet Christian college-students who are perplexed by questions that are hurled against their faith. The shower of questions come with such high frequency that they find themselves at a loss in answering even a portion of them all. Moreover, since most of them never faced these questions before this assault, they usually do not know what to think and what to answer. Further, they often fall into the trap of thinking that if they do not know the answer, then correct or satisfactory answers do not exist.
religion dominante, représente 44% de la population américaine. Plusieurs divisions : baptisme, évangélisme, mormons, les fondamentalistes opposés aux évolutionnistes...
B. Les autres religions : le catholiscisme (2eme religion après le prostestantisme, amené par les irlandais au milieu du XIXe siècle, puis plusieurs vagues migratoires sont venues renforcer l'influence catholique : polonais, ukrainiens, italiens, latinos), le judaïsme (s'est imposé progressivement, vit en diaspora car communauté….
lithurgie catholique est conservée, l'Eglise adopte les valeurs protestantes sous le nom d'Eglise Anglicane.
Le protestantisme est donc une réforme de l'Eglise afin d'être plus proche des fidèles et des mutations de la société. Néanmoins, le prostestantisme n'est pas un mouvement uni, mais il est suffisament influent pour menacer le pouvoir de l'Eglise catholique. l'Europe est divisée entre catholiques et protestants.
Face à cette montée du protestantisme, l'Eglise essaie de reconquérir le pouvoir….