Regiona economics and policies "région bretagne"

Pages: 12 (2767 mots) Publié le: 10 décembre 2010
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REGIONAL ECONOMICS AND POLICIES

Region of Bretagne (FRANCE)

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Summary

Introduction

Part 1. A résumé of the situation of Brittany

Part 2. The economic axes of Brittany

Part 2.1 Tourism
Part 2.2 Industries
Part 2.3 Agriculture and livestock farming
Part 2.4 The services

Part 3. The Political systems in Brittany (also in France)

Part 4. The different problemsfound and the solutions for the future

Conclusion
Introduction

For this paper, we must focus ourselves on the political and economic problems of an area of our country of origin. We will thus analyse the Breton area which is at the North-East of France on the Atlantic coast.

The Brittany region is one of the most developed region in France but some problems are still existing,but which kinds of problems and which solutions?
To answer these questions we will speak about different subjects.
We will start this paper with the geographical situation of the region of Brittany and we will check some social datas of the region.
After we will speak about the economics axis of Brittany, concerning the primary, secondary and tertiary sector.
We will studythe official and non-official organisations in action in this region.
To finish this paper, we will have a look on the different problems encountered and the solutions found to resolve these problems.

Part 1. A résumé of the situation of Brittany

Located at the crossroads of the European Atlantic Arc, Brittany gathers four departments and 2 700 km of coasts. Two principal urbansurfaces, Rennes and Brest, concentrate a big part of the population, employment, in particular the qualified job, and higher education. But a grid of medium-sized cities supplements the structuring of the territory. Practically all these cities are located on the littoral, except for the regional capital. In the centre of this grid, a vast space with dominant rural occupies the territory, withoutimportant cities.
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Climate of Brittany is oceanic type. The frequent winds are especially directed western south-west; they soften the diurnal and seasonal variations temperatures. The days of freezing in winter are rare. Contrary to the generally accepted ideas, it is not so much the quantity of rain that is important in Brittany, but rather the speed with which time changes:rainy episodes leave place in a few hours with the clear sky.
The relief of the Breton littoral is abrupt on the English Channel and lowest at Atlantic side, but everywhere the rock points alternate with beaches of varied sizes. The highest cliff is in Plouha (Coasts of Armour) and culminates to 100 Mr. the south of Morbihan presents a ramified gulf and almost closed with many small islands andsmall sand beaches. Many islands are present in Brittany, largest being Belle-Île-en-Mer. One finds four types of landscape principal in Brittany: scrap-metal, moors, forests and marshes. There exist also Breton “mountains”, famous Monts of Arrée, the culminating point of Brittany is to 384 Mr.
The Breton population rises at 1 January 2006 to 3,095 million inhabitants; it increased onaverage by 0,9 % a year since 1999, that is to say twice as much as between 1990 and 1999. This acceleration is especially due to the growth of the surplus of the arrivals on the departures. This average annual apparent migratory balance, is established to 20 700 between 1999 and 2006, against 8 000 between 1990 and 1999. This acceleration benefits the departments more from the Ille-et-Vilaine andMorbihan whose populations grow at intervals definitely higher than those of Finistere and Coast of Armour. The Ille-et-Vilaine is also characterised by a high natural balance; it contributes for half to the rise of the departmental population. In the three other departments on the other hand, the natural balance is relatively low.
In five years, 254 400 people came to settle in Brittany. The...
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