Tort law

821 mots 4 pages
M1 Chapter summary Ch. 7 - The law of Tort INTENTIONAL TORTS: I.Trespass to land (intentional tort) an intentional, volitional act causing a physical invasion of a plaintiff’s land. Trespass to land (NB: involves P’s 1 interest in the exclusive possession of the property, requires intent and an actual physical invasion, but does not require any harm at all to the property.) A.Elements to trespass to land 1.Physical invasion (person, tree limb overhangs P’s land, D2 floods P’s land, etc.) 2.Possessory interest 3.Intent (unlike other intentional torts, intent refers not to consequences, but merely to the entry) 4.Land (includes space above and below the surface, which the owner may reasonably and lawfully make use). 5.Damages (need not be proved, but may be presumed). II.Trespass to person (intentional tort) A.Assault a volitional act, done with the intent to create a reasonable apprehension of a battery or the intent to commit a battery, causing a plaintiff to experience a reasonable apprehension of a battery. 1.Elements to assault a)Apprehension b)Imminent contact B.Battery a volitional act, done with the intent to inflict harmful or offensive contact, which causes a plaintiff to suffer a harmful or offensive contact.

1 2

P = plaintiff D= defendant

1.Elements to battery a)Harmful or offensive contact b)Person of another c)Intent d)Causation e)Damages C.Cases / Law 1.Wilson v Pringle (1987) QB 237 D.Defamation (intentional tort) 1.Slander (≈ spoken) 2.Libel (≈ written) a)Defenses to defamation (1)Truth (2)fair comment (3)absolute privilege E.Cases / Law 1.Sim v Stretch (1936) 2.Monson v Tussands (1894) 3.Defamation Act 1996 4.The Robbie Williams libel case

F.Defenses to intentional torts 1.Consent 2.Self defense 3.Defense of others

4.Defense of property 5.Necessity ⇒ public or private NEGLIGENCE: III.Negligence A.Elements 1.Duty (foreseeability; standard of care: reasonable person in the circumstances) see Donoghue v Stevenson (1932) AC 562;

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