The first English immigrant to settle in Boston was the Reverend William Blackstone. He came by himself in 1629, to a peninsula by a stream, called by the local Algonquin inhabitants, Shawmet. A year later, John Winthrop and his Puritan settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, arrived to the north in Salem. Finding Salem less than desirable for a settlement, Blackstone invitedWinthrop to visit Shawmut.
On September 17, 1630, Winthrop decided to make Shawmut a permanent settlement and renamed it Boston, after his hometown in Lincolnshire England.
Citizenship in Massachusetts was restricted to church members until 1664. Dissidents like Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams were banished.
Over the next two centuries Boston developed as a center for Puritanlife. Early on, Boston began to emerge as an intellectual and educational center with the arrival of noted theologians and statesmen, and the founding of Boston Latin School and Harvard University. The first printing press in the colonies was built in Cambridge by Stephen Daye in 1639. With its excellent harbor, Boston became the leading commercial center in the colonies. Colonial Boston was aworld leader in shipbuilding and the primary port of North America.
During the late 18th century, Boston was the location of several major events during the American Revolution, including the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party. Several early battles of the American Revolution, such as the Battle of Bunker Hill and the Siege of Boston, occurred within the city and surrounding areas.The Civil War was a profitable time for Boston manufacturers, with the production of weapons, shoes, blankets, and other materials for the troops. Boston also played a role as a leading voice of the abolitionist movement.
With the outbreak of War II, factories were retooled for the war effort, and people went back to work on the production lines. Again Boston was a major armsmanufacturer during wartime.
By the 1950's, fishing and farming were in decline in Massachusetts, but the Boston area emerged as a leader in the fledgling computer and high-tech industries. Many of these new businesses were created and staffed by graduates of MIT and the other colleges in the Boston area. Boston continues to evolve in the new millennium. In March of 2003, the new Freedom Tunnel andthe Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Bridge were completed and opened, as part of the Big Dig Project.
Boston is a city with a rich past, but it is also a city looking ahead to tomorrow.
II- Geography and population
Boston is located in Massachusetts, USA. To be exact it’s in the Boston Bay, which is an arm of the Massachusetts Bay. It’s situated on a plain
Boston has acontinental climate with very changeable weather patterns such as wide temperature swings in a matter of days, and unseasoned snowfalls. Summers are usually sunny, hot and humid, the temperature in July averaging 82°F (28°C). Winters, by contrast, are bitterly cold, windy, wet and snowy.
In 2008 there were 620,535, people and a population density of 4,697/km². To give you an idea only New YorkCity, San Francisco and Chicago have a greater population density than Boston. In the city, the population was spread out with 20% under the age of 18, 52% from 18 to 44, 17% from 45 to 64, and 10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years.
Its population is mainly white (79 %), however 6% are Hispanic or Latino, 6 % are from African origins, another 6% are Asian and 3% are fromother origins.
About every activity is possible: sports, music, art …
The city has seen a great reduction in violent crime since the early 1990s. Murders in the city dropped from 152 in 1990 (for a murder rate of 26.5 per 100,000 people) to just 31 in 1999 (for a murder rate of 5.26 per 100,000). Since the year 2000 crime rate started changing every year with just 39 murders in 2003...