Is it worthwhile for a country to host the Olympic Games?
“Hosting Olympic Games is a real luck for a country to develop, to create news dynamics to embellish its image and to obtain an international recognition, it is a commitment, a true long-term investment”
The Olympic Games are a major international event of summer and winter sports, in which thousands of athletescompete in a wide variety of events. The Games are currently held every two years, with summer and winter Olympic Games alternating. For 17 days, every two years, the Olympics attract the world’s attention and the host city gets immense media coverage. Many countries are in competition to be able to host this event. Certain people ask real questions about the stake and a country’s interest inhosting the Olympic Games.
Indeed many argue that Olympic Games can leave bad traces and memories for a country, the huge cost of hosting the Olympic Games means that cities are left with crippling bills and empty stadia once this event is over.
Any event is automatically exposed to risks including economical, political and environmental issues. However, we will see that in spite of some harmfulaspects, being chosen as the host of the Olympic Games is an enormous opportunity for a country and presents many advantages. It can be considered a huge advancement for a country and create many new dynamics.
The Olympic Games represent one of the most important events in the world since it gathers numerous nations and various cultures. However, in doing so, this event is prone to angrydemonstrations or political revolutions. Since this event has such immense media coverage, people may assume that their terrorist messages will be seen by the whole world and attempt to attract negative attention by participating in demonstrations or revolutions.
These claims offer a sense of insecurity, and worst case, they can result in terrorist attacks. So, hosting the Olympic Games (OG), exposesa country to boycotts and a various political controversies. Moreover, the installation of news infrastructures involves socials problems. The construction of residential districts, results in several thousands of people being re-located to other areas.
Furthermore, OG mask the reality through a fictitious and specific image created just for this event. It reinforces the social inequality ofcountries and accentuates differences between the various social classes. The image gilded of the OG often has a direct impact on the population in particular on the social classes. All of these various social problems, including violence, social inequality and corruption, are obstacles to the success of the Olympic Games.
Several environmental problems can be also evocated. In fact, overpopulationduring the event will involve a consequent rise of pollution. In order to limit this detrimental pollution, the country must take measures, which may end up directly affecting a countries economy, like the restriction of circulation (difficult displacements, factory shutdown…).
Large financial costs for the infrastructures (stage, hotel, Olympic village, etc) and any direct benefit, aprofitability on means or long run which is not even assured.
For the detractors, it is a large financial risk because one bad estimate could result in a very low profit and significant losses which affects the economy of a country. It’s difficult to really consider the needs necessary to to organize a successful event and it’s difficult to anticipate the possible losses: in particular the sector of hoteltrade and the restoration (hotels with empty half and the private restaurants, travel agencies which can put the key under the door).There are uncertainties about the feasibility of carrying out such a project .
Certain opponents underline that the infrastructures built for this event would be often unutilised or will be under-utilized after the event, generating a consequent cost that would...