In Senegal, transport is placed in the heart of development strategies, with the development of sectoral policies underpinned by massive investment in infrastructure and services
An integrated strategy, accompanied by structural reforms, especially aimed at increasing the quality of transport services to support the best in terms of accessibility and mobility of goods and peopleand, further than, the socio-economic and preservation of the environment
I- Presentation of different ways of transport in Senegal
A- ROAD TRANSPORT IN SENEGAL
The road network reflects poorly the population distribution in the territory of Senegal. Moreover, this network is mostly in a degraded state. Indeed there are a non-class highways and roads used more class and is divided intonational highways that provide links between administrative regions or states adjacent to regional roads that connect the heads of department places, in county roads, which operate between leaders of rural communities places the same department and finally urban roads that provide connections to the inside of cities.
Regarding the paved roads Senegal has 23.1 kilometres of broadly linear to1000km2 coated surfaces. The proportion is obviously much stronger in Dakar and Thies which has also experienced the largest increase since 1996. The Dakar region is heavily innervated by paved roads as Thies region forced passage of traffic in and out of Dakar. A similar observation can be made for two regions near Dakar (Diourbel and Fatick).
This area is marked by three major phases: 1990-2001stagnation networks; 2002 -2003: slight recovery of linear growth of road since 2004, the state undertook a major construction project and reconstruction of road
B- SEA TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES IN SENEGAL
Favorably located at the westernmost point of the continent and possessing up-to-date equipment, Dakar is one of the largest deepwater seaports on the West African coast, a major import-exportcenter and a port of call for freight and passenger ships. The port can accommodate ships of up to 100,000 tons. The Senegalese Maritime Navigation (Compagnie Senegalais de Navigation Maritime—COSENAM), a river and ocean freight transport line in which the government has an 84% share, was founded in 1979. Gross weight of the single merchant vessel in 1998 came to 1,995 GRT. However, by 2002 therewas no Senegalese merchant marine The Senegal River, which has a sandbar across its mouth, is navigable by shallow-draft vessels all year round from Saint-Louis to Podor (225 km/140 mi), and between August and October as far as Kayes in Mali (924 km/574 mi). It is closed to foreign ships. The Saloum is navigable by oceangoing vessels to the important peanut port of Kaolack, 114 km (71 mi) upriver.The Casamance River is navigable to Ziguinchor, although not without difficulty. It is often quicker to travel by sea than road. A ferry line, reliance in 2007, runs from Dakar to Ziguinchor (journey time - 20 hours). Sea shuttles depart regularly from Dakar harbour to Gorée Island. An excellent service, L'Express du Senegal, links Banjul, Dakar and Ziguinchor. Fares tend to be high.
C- AIRTRANSPORT ACTIVITIES IN SENEGAL
The airline has experienced very strong growth in recent years thanks to massive investment on this sector. Dakar's Leopold Sedar Senghor International Airport, a West African air center, is served by many foreign Airlines. Air France and Air Senegal; maintained roads connecting to all the main towns in Senegal such as Saint-Louis, Thies, Ziguinchor, Kédougou,Tambacounda, and 10 other towns with secondary fields. However we can underline today the birth of the new company Senegal Airlines in November 2009 at the Dubai Air show and that should replace Air Senegal international. The launch of its operations is expected to 2010. It would connect Dakar regional cities such as Abidjan, Accra, Bamako, Banjul and Lagos. It also plans to embark on intercontinental...