Management styles

Pages: 7 (1598 mots) Publié le: 16 juin 2010

❑ Introduction
❑ Management

Management definition
Management functions

❑ Manager

Manager definition
Manager skills

❑ Management vs Leadership

❑ Management styles

- Autocratic style
- Bureaucratic style
- Democratic style
- Laissez faire style
- Coaching style
-Pacesetting style
- Visionnary style
- Indifferent style
- Deffensive style

❑ Conclusion


The role of management has been important since the rise of globalization which has affected all enterprises, large and small.
Indeed globalization has brought effective management to the forefront of the business, because the speed and the pace at which decisions are madeoften dictate the success or failure of an enterprise.
In the early 20th century as most industry was production or manufacturing based, management was relatively simple and consisted of command and control. The theory behind management within the organization has progressed greatly since that time and new management styles have developed.

Management definition

In the light of differentdefinitions, the meaning of management can be analysed as following:
A process involving planning, organising, leading and controlling individual and resources to achieve stated objectives in an organisation.

Management functions

A process that includes defining goals, establishing strategies, and developing plans to coordinate activities.

Determining what tasks are tobe done, who is to do them, how the tasks are to be grouped, who reports to whom, and where decisions are to be made.

Monitoring activities to ensure they are being accomplished as planned and correcting any significant deviations.

A function that includes motivating employees, directing others, selecting the most effective communication channels, and resolvingconflicts.

Manager definition

Individual responsible for designing and maintaining an environment in which people, working together in groups, efficiently accomplish selected aims.

Manager’s skills

To become an efficient manager, managers rely on 3 types of skills:

Technical skills
It is knowledge of and proficiency in activities involving methods, process and procedures. It involvesworking with tools and specific techniques.

Human skills
It’s the ability to work with people, and to interact effectively with them. It’s creation of an environment in which people feel secure and free to express themselves.

Conceptual skills
It is the ability to see the big picture, to recognize significant elements in a situation, to understand the relationships among the elements and theability to solve problems in ways that will benefit the enterprise.

Management Vs Leadership

Although people often use the words management and leadership as synonyms there is a distinction between those who manage and those who lead. In fact, leadership can be defined more as the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically towards theachievement of group goals. That’s why leadership must be a continuation of management ‘a good man is not necessarily always a great leader, but a good leader must always be a great manager first’
Leadership is more dynamic and requires strategic thinking, excellent communication and a clear vision. Churchill or Ghandi never have been described as great managers but were recognised as great leaders.While key words associated with leadership are: Change, vision, communication, high risk, motivational. Terms to describe management include: organising, planning, risk avoidance, rationality, control...
Management styles

“Management style” is a term often used to describe the “how” of management. It’s believed there are four basic management styles:


The autocrat manages...
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