Scotland, in the North, Ireland, in the North West and England (with Wales) is a group of isles between Atlantic and the North Sea.
From 1603 to 1625, James Iis the king. In 1606, he accepts to send a company of London investors and they reach the north of Carolina, New-York and Virginia. They want to replace the home of many Indians by a colony in Virginiawhich they name it Jamestown (because of the Kings name). The friendly relationship goes to a resistance from England and a fighting. Many English die of hunger, disease or fighting with the Indiansbut they don’t give up. The tobacco gives them a lot of money and they ship it in England in 1616. Unfortunately, they give up in 1624 and let the Crown take over the colony.
His successor, CharlesI govern from 1625 to 1641. While his reign he had must to accept The Petition of Rights which write by the parliament. The parliament is composed by the Lords: Spiritual and Temporal which are chosenby the King and the commons (deputies) which are chosen by the subjects. This petition concerns divers Rights and Liberties of the Subjects. Unfortunately, he decide to govern without the Parliament.The conflict has been growing between the King and the Parliament so Charles I was executed in 1641.
From 1642 to 1649 the English Civil war is established. Two armies are in this country: theRoyalists which are supporting the King whereas the Parliamentarians which are supporting the Parliament. The Puritans, a religious group, were supporting the Parliament because of the king’s persecutionswhereas the Anglicans and Catholic tend to the King. Cromwell contributes to the success of the Parliamentary Army, like at the Battle of Naseby in 1645, with the cavalry and then, “New Model” Armywhich is a centralized fighting force. From 1650 to 1651 Cromwell became the Lord General of the Parliament. He replaces a monarchial regime with a puritanical republic. He has a worst reputation as...