Project management

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  • Publié le : 5 avril 2011
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PROJECT MANAGEMENT
1 FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

PROJECT MANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

5/4/2011

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
2

 Organizational structure designates formal reporting

relationships, including the number of levels in the hierarchy and the span of control of managers and supervisors

Who reports to whom in the structural hierarchy ?

PROJECTMANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

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ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
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 Organizational structure identifies the grouping

together of individuals into department and department into the total organization

Reasons for creating a department : i. Functional ii. Product iii. Geography
PROJECT MANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

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ORGANIZATIONALSTRUCTURE
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 Organizational structure includes the design of

systems to ensure effective communication, coordination and integration of effort across departments.

Mechanisms firms rely on to promote effectiveness across departments

PROJECT MANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

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FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
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 Functional organizations -> Companies arestructured by grouping people performing similar activities  Project organizations -> Companies are structured by grouping people into project teams on temporary assignments  Matrix organizations -> Companies are structured by creating a dual hierarchy in which functions and projects have equal prominence

PROJECT MANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

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FUNCTIONALSTRUCTURE
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Board of Directors Chief Executive

Vice President Marketing

Vice President Production

Vice President Finance

Vice President Research

Sales

Logistics

Accounting Services

New product development

Advertising

Outsourcing

Investments

Research labs

After-Sale support

Warehousing

Contracting

Quality

PROJECT MANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONALSTRUCTURE

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FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE
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Strengths for Project Management
 Projects are developed

Weaknesses for Project Management
 Functional structure

within the basic structure of the firm , requiring no change to the firm’s design  Enables the development of in-depth knowledge  Allows standard career paths. Project team members only perform their duties as neededmakes it difficult to achieve cross-functional operations  Lack of customer focus  Projects take longer to complete due to slower communication
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PROJECT MANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

PROJECT STRUCTURE
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Board of Directors

Chief Executive

Vice President of Projects

Vice President Marketing

Vice President Production

Vice President Finance

VicePresident Research

Project A

Project B
PROJECT MANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

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PROJECT STRUCTURE
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Strengths for Project Management
 Assigns authority to the

Weaknesses for Project Management
 Setting up teams can be

project manager  Leads to better communication across the organization  Promotes effective decision making  Encourages rapidresponse to market opportunities

expensive  Potential for project team members to develop loyalty to the project rather than to the overall organization  Concern of project team members about their future once projects ends
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PROJECT MANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

MATRIX STRUCTURE
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Board of Directors

Chief Executive

Vice President of Projects

VicePresident Marketing

Vice President Production

Vice President Finance

Vice President Research

Project A

2 resources 1 resource

1.5 resources 2 resources

1 resource 2 resources

3 resources 2.5 resources
5/4/2011

Project B

PROJECT MANAGEMENT – FORMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

MATRIX STRUCTURE
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Strengths for Project Management
 Suited to dynamic

Weaknesses...
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